Since its emergence in early 2004, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) caused by H5N1 has caused global concern, threatening both animal and human health.Viet Nam has been one of the countries worst affected with major impacts of the disease on poultry production, livelihoods and human health. FAO was established in Viet Nam in 1978. However following the onset of the disease, the Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases Operations (ECTAD) was set up using FAO’s own finances to start the programme. FAO works regionally and nationally to combat avian influenza in close collaboration with governments, national and international partners, bringing together technical expertise in socioeconomics, disease control, farming systems, agricultural and pro-poor policy, communications and extension. With the strong support and collaboration of the Government of Viet Nam FAO has provided technical and operational guidance for the control programme against HPAI and other major diseases such as foot and mouth disease and classical swine fever through the generous funding of several donors. In addition, to specific donor funded projects, the World Bank and the Government selected FAO to provide technical leadership and guidance to the Viet Nam Avian and Human Influenza Control and Preparedness Project (VAHIP) through the provision of technical advisers and specific expert consultancy services. The country team also receives support from the FAO regional and headquarters pool of technical and operational resources, when required. In coordination with the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), the World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations System Influenza Coordinator (UNSIC), FAO has provided significant support to the Government of Viet Nam for the Hanoi pre-technical meeting and Inter-Ministerial Conference on Animal and Pandemic Influenza (IMCAPI) in April 2010.