Disposal and disinfection of contaminated material
Item Disposal/disinfectant material Procedures*
*Note: Gloves and eye protection should be worn at all times when disposing
or disinfecting, irrespective of the type of procedure being used.
Always wash hands thoroughly afterwards
Dead bird Carcass Physical disposal Burn or bury deep enough to avoid being dug up by dogs, cats or scavenging animals
Animal housing Equipment Cages Soaps and detergents Leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium hypochlorite (liquid) Dilute to final 2-3% available chlorine, and leave in contact for 10-30 minutes
Calcium hypochlorite (solid or powder) Dilute to 2-3% available chlorine (30 g/litre solid or 20 g/litre powder) and leave in contact for 10-30 minutes
A commercial disinfectant Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
A commercial disinfectant for non-porous surfaces Dilute 1:400 and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic material - do not use with aluminium or similar alloys) Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (anhydrous) Dilute to 4% (40 g/litre) from powder and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (washing soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic materials) Dilute (100 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 30 minutes
Feed Physical disposal Burn or bury deep enough to avoid being dug up by dogs, cats or scavenging animals
Droppings Manure Effluent Physical disposal Burn or bury deep enough to avoid being dug up by dogs, cats or scavenging animals
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic material - do not use with aluminium or similar alloys) Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (anhydrous) Dilute to 4% (40 g/litre) from powder and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (washing soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic materials) Dilute (100 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 30 minutes
Hydrochloric acid Dilute to 2% (20 ml/litre)
Corrosive - use only when alternatives are not available
Citric acid (safe for clothes and body decontamination) Dilute to 0.2% (2 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 30 minutes
Water tanks Physical disposal Drain to pasture if possible, avoiding run-off or spill-over into other farms or land
Ponds Physical disposal Drain to pasture if possible, avoiding run-off or spill-over into other farms or land
Electrical equipment Formaldehyde gas (special generation required)
Toxic, use only if other disinfectant procedures cannot be used
Best used by trained personnel only
Leave in contact for 15-24 hours
Machinery Vehicles Soaps and detergents Leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic material - do not use with aluminium or similar alloys) Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (anhydrous) Dilute to 4% (40 g/litre) from powder and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (washing soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic materials) Dilute (100 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 30 minutes
Aircraft Soaps and detergents Leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
A commercial disinfectant Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
A commercial disinfectant for non-porous surfaces Dilute 1:400 and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
Houses Furniture Soaps and detergents Leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium hypochlorite (liquid) Dilute to final 2-3% available chlorine, and leave in contact for 10-30 minutes - USE GLOVES
Calcium hypochlorite (solid or powder) Dilute to 2-3% available chlorine (30 g/litre solid or 20 g/litre powder) and leave in contact for 10-30 minutes
A commercial disinfectant Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
A commercial disinfectant for non-porous surfaces Dilute 1:400 and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
Clothing Soaps and detergents Leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium hypochlorite (liquid) Dilute to final 2-3% available chlorine, and leave in contact for 10-30 minutes
Calcium hypochlorite (solid or powder) Dilute to 2-3% available chlorine (30 g/litre solid or 20 g/litre powder) and leave in contact for 10-30 minutes
A commercial disinfectant Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
A commercial disinfectant for non-porous surfaces Dilute 1:400 and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Follow manufacturer's instructions
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic material - do not use with aluminium or similar alloys) Dilute to 2% (20 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (anhydrous) Dilute to 4% (40 g/litre) from powder and leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
Sodium carbonate (washing soda) (recommended for use in presence of organic materials) Dilute (100 g/litre) and leave in contact for at least 30 minutes
Humans (hands, face and other exposed skin) Soaps and detergents Leave in contact for at least 10 minutes
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