Experiences with H5N1 HPAI enabled FAO to prevent other animal diseases which affect livelihoods, food security and human health
Increase in HPAI in 2010
In 2010, the number of countries where H5N1 HPAI was reported increased to 18 (from 12 in 2009), and the overall number of reported outbreaks worldwide also increased. The disease was reintroduced to five countries, including Bulgaria and Romania, which were the first disease events in Europe since 2008. Human fatalities continued to occur. Thus, H5N1 HPAI continues to be a major concern, including the risk of human infection.
New disease threats
During 2010, major animal diseases continued to spread in different regions of the world, disrupting livestock production, rural economies and people’s livelihoods and food security. This has been largely due to the limited capacity of veterinary services to contain animal diseases in, and to disease drivers such as poor husbandry practices, high intensification of animal production, increased trade of animal and animal products and intensified contact between animal, human and wildlife populations. Significant disease events in 2010 included: the spread of African swine fever (ASF) in eastern Europe,foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in east Asia, Peste des petit ruminants (PPR) in eastern Africa, and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) in Asia, together with some diseases that affect human health directly, such as anthrax, brucellosis and rabies.
In addition to analyzing global progress in addressing HPAI, the report focuses on the key principles utilized in prevention, control and elimination of other transboundary animal diseases (TADs) and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs):
The 4th Report on the Global Programme for the Prevention and Control of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), 2010 highlights achievements and directions in combating HPAI, animal diseases which have an impact on livelihoods and food security, and in the case of zoonotic diseases, those which threaten human health.
FAO of the UN is an institutional partner of World Veterinary Year (Vet2011).