Cleaning and disinfection along the Jakarta poultry market chain to reduce HPAI risk
07 February 2011 - Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia, has a population of 9.6 million people living on 662 km2 of land, making it the most densely populated area in Indonesia. Along with a high human density, the density of poultry marketing is also high in order to meet the demand of Jakarta’s population. Approximately 1 million birds are consumed in Jakarta daily. Poultry is distributed to consumers at over 200 live bird markets within the greater Jakarta area. Incoming poultry originate from all over Java, as well as Lampung Province on the island of Sumatra. Over 500 trucks carry poultry from poultry farms to Jakarta collector yards each day. As a result of this massive movement and concentration of poultry in Jakarta, it is believed the market chain serves as a means of spreading virus between farms as well as exposing urban human populations to H5N1 avian influenza virus.
FAO recognizes the importance of reducing virus spread via the poultry market chain. Therefore FAO Indonesia, in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia and private sector market traders, initiated a cleaning and disinfection programme for poultry transport vehicles at collector yards. By reducing viral contamination on empty poultry transport trucks leaving the collector yard, the risk of virus spread from farm to farm via collector yard should, in theory, be reduced. FAO has also supported the local governments in the greater Jakarta area to improve sanitation and hygiene in live bird markets in and around the city. By maintaining cleaner market environments where live birds are displayed to consumers, it is expected that the risk of virus spread to humans will be reduced. These programmes also serve as a stimulus for the government and private sector to work together to reduce H5N1 avian influenza risk to poultry and humans.
As of December 2010, training on cleaning and disinfection procedures, as well as use of high pressure washers, detergent, disinfectant, and awareness raising have been provided to vendors and traders in 43 collection yards and 14 live bird markets in the greater Jakarta area. Three cleaning and disinfection stations for exiting trucks have also been established at the major collector yards in East Jakarta. The cleaning and disinfection stations have been established so that sustainable usage by collector yard managers is enabled via cost recovery for consumables and facility maintenance. Furthermore, collaboration between the public and private sectors is fostered through active monitoring by local government livestock services of all cleaning and disinfection activities at markets and collector yards.
Moving forward in 2011, FAO Indonesia is working with the Ministry of Agriculture and local governments of Indonesia to specifically address high-risk market chains which have been identified, such as the movement of native chickens from East Java and Central Java for consumption in Jakarta.
A collector yard surveillance programme is also expected to be established to complement an ongoing surveillance programme already in place in live mixed-bird markets in greater Jakarta. Finally, FAO and the government of Indonesia will continue to work together with the private sector to rehabilitate live bird markets in greater Jakarta and establish cleaning and disinfection facilities at key collector yards throughout the region. Further minimizing risk of virus spread via the market chain will be an important contribution towards overall control of H5N1 avian influenza in Indonesia.