Biodiversity
 

Biodiversity @ FAO

Assessments

FAO has built a strong capacity in assessing, measuring and monitoring food insecurity, the state of natural resources and ecosystem vulnerability at the global, regional and country levels by drawing on information systems maintained by various units. FAO collects and analyzes information, mainly through country reports, assessments, voluntary provision of census data and statistical databases. Such knowledge supports countries and international organizations in the implementation of agreed plans and programmes at national, regional and global levels.

FAO also monitors the implementation of biodiversity related treaties, conventions and voluntary instruments at national level and supports countries in developing National Information-Sharing Mechanisms (NISM). FAO is a key partner in the 2010 biodiversity indicators partnership (BIP), and is responsible for the development of seven indicators. Within the UN system, FAO has taken the lead on criteria and indicators for sustainable management in forest, fisheries, livestock and agriculture.

The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

In 1996, The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture was received by 150 countries attending the Leipzig International Technical Conference on Plant Genetic Resources. The Leipzig Conference welcomed the report as the first comprehensive worldwide assessment of the status and use of plant genetic resource conservation and use. The report was prepared through a participatory, country-driven process under the guidance of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture assesses the state of plant genetic diversity, and capacities at the local and global levels for in situ and ex situ management, conservation and utilization of plant genetic resources. The International Technical Conference also adopted the Global Plan of Action for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture based on the analysis provided by the State of the World report.

The Second Report on the State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture has been finalised and launched in 2010. The report is one of FAO’s contributions to the International Year of Biodiversity. The Second Report identifies the most significant changes since 1996, gaps and needs and provides the Commission with a sound basis for updating the rolling Global Plan of Action.

The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

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Published in 2007, The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, assesses the state of animal genetic resources, the state of management of animal genetic resources, and the state of capacities for the use, development and conservation of animal genetic resources. The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture was prepared through a participatory, country-driven process under the guidance of the Commission. By 2005, 169 countries had submitted country reports that, combined with reports from international organizations and input from scientists and experts provided the basis of The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

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In 2007, the International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, held in Interlaken, Switzerland responded to the findings of the report and adopted the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources.

The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture

Published every two years The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture provides to policy-makers, civil society and those whose livelihoods depend on the fisheries sector a comprehensive, objective and global view of capture fisheries and aquaculture, including associated policy issues.

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Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA)

Undertaken at intervals of 5-10 years, the Global Forest Resources Assessment provides a holistic perspective on global forest resources, their management and use.

State of the World’s Forests

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Published every two years, the State of the World’s Forests reports on the status of forests, recent major policy and institutional developments and key issues concerning the forest sector. It makes current, reliable and policy-relevant information widely available to facilitate informed discussion and decision-making with regard to the world's forests.

WIEWS: World Information and Early Warning System on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

WIEWS, the World Information and Early Warning System on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, is a worldwide dynamic mechanism established to foster information exchange on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. WIEWS supports the periodic assessment of The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

DAD-IS Domestic Animal Diversity Information System

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The Domestic Animal Diversity Information System provides a communication and information tool supporting the implementation of the Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources. It allows countries to manage and disseminate data on their livestock breeds. These data, at present covering more than 14 000 national breed populations, are used to compile biennial reports on the status and trends of animal genetic resources.

REFORGEN

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REFORGEN is FAO’s global information system on forest genetic resources that has been developed for use by national institutions who, at the same time, are main providers of information stored in the system. REFORGEN will be further developed as a supportive tool for the preparation of The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources.



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