Biosecurity encompasses policy and regulatory frameworks to manage risks associated with agriculture and food production. This includes, for example, the introduction and release of Living Modified Organisms (LMOs) and Genetically-Modified Organisms (GMOs) and their derived products, the introduction and spread of invasive alien species, alien genotypes and plant pests, animal pests, diseases and zoonoses (diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans).
In view of a number of developments, including globalization, the rapid increase in transport and trade and technological progress, national and international frameworks and standards need to be developed and strengthened in order to regulate, manage and control biosecurity.
Adequate policy and regulatory responses need to be developed to address some of the risks associated with agriculture and food production.
Countries are increasingly taking a holistic view and are combining these regulatory activities. This trend is expected to continue and should be matched by FAO, building on its already significant range of activities and outputs that address biosecurity, including international instruments, biosafety in relation to LMOs and GMOs, biosecurity in relation to invasive alien species and closely associated concerns for food, agriculture, fisheries and forestry.
FAO plays an important role in biosecurity through the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). Technical support is provided through the IPPC Secretariat for the national implementation of both the Convention itself and International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) which aim to prevent the introduction and spread of pests of plants and plant products and to promote phytosanitary measures for their control.