Microbiome – the missing link? In search of the answers, an informal group of people got together first to look into the question about alternative explanations for the obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) pandemic. A review of recent scientific literature showed how gut dysbiosis, an imbalance in the gut microbiome, is a common factor in obesity and various diet-related NCDs. A further search for factors that can cause dysbiosis led to the identification of a variety of possible causative factors, including lifestyle factors, use of antibiotics, diet composition, the presence of various chemical compounds in our food, etc. Some of these compounds can enter our food as agro-chemicals used during production, or additives used in processing and transformation. Others, like mycotoxins are the result of poor practices.

To enhance the knowledge base and support the uptake of good practices for ongoing work on adaptation planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of best adaptation practices, FAO organized a series of webinar sessions on “Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in the Agriculture Sector” in 2017 and 2018. This document serves to outline the priority nature-based interventions for adaptation in the food and agriculture sector as articulated in countries’ nationally determined contributions (NDCs), and as illustrated through the best case practices showcased during the EbA webinar series.

This study provides an overview of the roles that the biodiversity found in and around food and agricultural production systems play in the supply of ecosystem services ranging from provisioning services, such as the supply of food, fuel and fibre, to cultural services, such as recreation and aesthetic enjoyment, and regulating services, such as pollination, carbon sequestration, pest control and nutrient cycling.

As the world population continues to rise, new ways are needed to sustainably increase agricultural production, improve supply chains, reduce food losses and waste, and ensure access to nutritious food for all at all times. This brochure looks at the contribution of genetic resources for food and agriculture to food security and the achievement of relevant sustainable development goals.

This document provides an update to the twenty-fourth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice and the third meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation of the CBD on the work of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) on agriculture, forestry and fisheries after COP142 . It contributes to SBSTTA 24 deliberations on mainstreaming of biodiversity under agenda item 7 on biodiversity and agriculture and is also relevant to SBSTTA 24 agenda items 3 to 6, 9 and 10. The document contributes to the SBI 3 deliberations on agenda item 11 on cooperation and agenda item 8 on biodiversity mainstreaming. It is also relevant to other SBI 3 agenda items, including items 3 and 5. The annex lists selected recent reports, events, tools and guidance provided by FAO after COP14.

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