The News items relate to applications of biotechnologies in food and agriculture in developing countries and their major focus is on the activities of FAO, other UN agencies/bodies and the 15 CGIAR research centres. The News items cover all food and agricultural sectors (crops, forestry, fisheries/aquaculture, livestock, agro-industry) and a wide range of biotechnologies (e.g. use of molecular markers, artificial insemination, triploidisation, biofertilisers, micropropagation, genomics, genetic modification etc.). New documents are included as News if they are freely available on the web and, for people who can't download them or who wish further information, an e-mail contact is also provided. The News service was launched in January 2002 and all News items posted since then (there were 800 in the first 9 years) are available here. The news and event items on this website are also disseminated through an e-mail newsletter called FAO-BiotechNews that is published in six different versions, one per language i.e. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. To subscribe, send a message to FAO-Biotech-News@fao.org indicating which e-mail addresses are to be subscribed and in which language they wish to receive the newsletter.
On 20-21 March 2014, FAO held the "Technical consultation on low levels of genetically modified (GM) crops in international food and feed trade" at FAO Headquarters in Rome, Italy. In 2013, FAO carried out an international survey to gather information on the extent and nature of problems incurred with low levels of GM crops in traded commodities and the results of the survey were used to conduct further analyses on trade, economic impact and relevant food/feed regulatory issues. Prior to the meeting, FAO prepared two technical background documents entitled "Low levels of GM crops in food and feed: Regulatory issues" and "Low levels of GM crops in international food and feed trade: FAO international survey and economic analysis", as well as a simple compilation document of the survey results, entitled "The results of the FAO survey on low levels of genetically modified (GM) crops in international food and feed trade". A press release about the FAO survey, published on 13 March, is available at http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/216311/icode/ (in Arabic, English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish). All relevant technical documents (in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish) and all the presentations made at the technical consultation are also available for download at http://www.fao.org/food/food-safety-quality/a-z-index/biotechnology/llp/. Contact Masami.Takeuchi@fao.org for further information.
The Asian Biotechnology and Development Review has just published the article "Ten lessons from biotechnology experiences in crops, livestock and fish for smallholders in developing countries" by J.D. Dargie, J. Ruane, and A. Sonnino. FAO recently commissioned a unique series of 19 case studies where agricultural biotechnologies were used to serve the needs of smallholders in developing countries. Most involved a single crop, livestock or fish species and a single biotechnology. Based on the case studies, this article presents ten general and interrelated lessons which can be used to inform and assist policy-makers when deciding on potential interventions involving biotechnologies for smallholders in developing countries. See http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/as351e/as351e.pdf (200 KB) or contact email@example.com to request an electronic copy.
From the Themes webpage, visitors to the FAO website access a primary entry point for a number of specific topics, communicating what FAO is doing in relation to the subject area and including links to in-depth information. The topics focus on prominent areas of FAO’s work, at both an overarching theme level and in some cases on more specific areas that are of particular interest to specialists, media, the general public, academia and other audiences. The topics include aquaculture, biodiversity, livestock and the environment, south-south cooperation, trade, water and more. Biotechnology has recently been included as a new topic. See http://www.fao.org/biotechnology/en/ or contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
The January 2014 newsletter from the Animal Production and Health Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture is now available. The 43-page newsletter, issued twice a year, gives an overview of past and upcoming training courses, meetings, projects, news stories and publications. See http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/aph/public/newsletters-aph.html or contact R.Reiter@iaea.org for more information.
The January 2014 newsletter from the Plant Breeding and Genetics Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture is now available. This 32-page newsletter, issued twice a year, gives an overview of their past and upcoming events (meetings, training courses etc.), ongoing projects and publications. See http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/pbg/public/newsletters-pbg.html or contact email@example.com to request a copy.
On 16-17 October 2013, the Aarhus Convention and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety jointly organized a round table in Geneva, Switzerland, on access to information, public participation and access to justice regarding living modified organisms/genetically modified organisms (LMOs/GMOs). Its outcomes are expected to facilitate further implementation of the Aarhus Convention's Almaty Amendment on GMOs and to contribute to the implementation of the Cartagena Protocol's programme of work on public awareness, education and participation concerning LMOs. See the round table documents and the advanced edited version of the report at http://www.unece.org/gmo_2013.html or contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Article 23 of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety requires that Parties shall, in accordance with their respective laws and regulations, consult the public in the decision-making process regarding living modified organisms and shall make the results of such decisions available to the public, while respecting confidential information in accordance with Article 21. In order to facilitate exchange of views and information regarding the techniques of public participation in the context of the Protocol, the Secretariat is holding an online discussion from 28 April to 9 May 2014 on "Techniques for engaging the public". The outcomes will be summarized in a background document for the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Protocol (COP-MOP 8). Parties, other governments and relevant organizations are invited to nominate individuals involved in, or responsible for, promoting public participation to participate in the Forum. See http://bch.cbd.int/onlineconferences/portal_art23/pp_forum_discussion.shtml or contact email@example.com for more information.
The latest issue (December 2013) of the OECD Biotechnology Update, prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Internal Co-ordination Group for Biotechnology, is now available. The 33-page newsletter provides updated information on the diverse activities at OECD related to biotechnology. See http://www.oecd.org/env/ehs/biotrack/oecdbiotechnologynewsletterupdates.htm or contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) has recently published “Methods and applications of doubled haploid technology in wheat breeding”, by W. Tadesse, S. Tawkaz, M.N. Inagaki, E. Picard and M. Baum. Doubled haploids are genotypes produced through induction of haploids followed by chromosome doubling. Wheat cultivars produced using doubled haploid systems have been released for cultivation in both developed and developing countries. This 25-page manual aims to be a useful guide for wheat breeders, geneticists, biotechnologists, students and technicians. See http://www.icarda.cgiar.org/biodiversity-and-integrated-gene-management or contact email@example.com for more information.
FAO has just published "Biotechnologies at work for smallholders: Case studies from developing countries in crops, livestock and fish”, edited by J. Ruane, J.D. Dargie, C. Mba, P. Boettcher, H.P.S. Makkar, D.M. Bartley and A. Sonnino. This 198-page book documents a series of 19 case studies where agricultural biotechnologies were used to serve the needs of smallholders in developing countries. They were prepared by scientists directly involved in the initiatives who describe the background, achievements, obstacles, challenges and lessons learned from the different case studies. After an introductory first chapter, the next three chapters are dedicated to case studies in the crop, livestock and aquaculture/fisheries sectors respectively. The final chapter summarizes the background, challenges, results and lessons learned from the 19 case studies. See an FAO press release at http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/202820/icode/ (in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Italian and Spanish), together with related Question-and-Answers and a radio interview; read the book at http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3403e/i3403e00.htm or contact firstname.lastname@example.org to request a copy, providing your full postal address.
The Third Africa Rice Congress took place on 21-24 October 2013 in Yaoundé, Cameroon, co-organized by the Africa Rice Center and FAO in collaboration with the Government of Cameroon. With its main theme of ‘Rice science for food security through smallholder and agri-business development in Africa’, the Congress took stock of advances in rice science and technology aimed at improving production, processing and marketing practices across the rice value chain in Africa. Attended by over 650 participants from 60 countries, the first two days of the Congress allowed participants to discuss scientific progress through presentations and poster talks, many of which dealt directly or indirectly with the use of biotechnologies, in five parallel sessions. A ‘Cameroon rice day’ was organized on 23 October while the final day included a Ministerial Policy Dialogue. The previous Africa Rice Congress took place in 2010. See http://www.africarice.org/arc2013/ (in English and French) for the Congress Declaration, daily digests, abstracts, presentations and more; an FAO press release at http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/203574/icode/ (in Arabic, English, French and Spanish), together with a radio interview; or contact email@example.com for more information.
At the 6th meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety in October 2012 in India, decision BS-VI/13 on socio-economic considerations was adopted, comprising a series of activities to be undertaken prior to the 7th meeting to be held in September 2014 in the Republic of Korea. These included a series of regional online real-time conferences which took place on 13 June 2013 for the Western Europe and Others Group and Central and Eastern Europe; 17 June for Asia and the Pacific; 20 June for Africa; and 27 June for Latin America and the Caribbean (in Spanish). See http://bch.cbd.int/onlineconferences/portal_art26/se_main.shtml for transcripts of the conferences, plus other related resources, or contact firstname.lastname@example.org for further information.
As part of its Series on Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Environment, Health and Safety Division recently published "Low level presence of transgenic plants in seed and grain commodities: Environmental risk/safety assessment, and availability and use of information". The scope of this 89-page document covers a situation where seed contains low levels of transgenic seed that have been reviewed for environmental risk/safety and received authorization for commercial cultivation (unconfined release) in one or more countries but not in the country of import. The document covers commercial seed used intentionally for planting as well as commodities (e.g. grains and oilseeds) that can germinate and grow into plants when unintentionally released into the environment during handling and transport or when intentionally used for planting. See http://www.oecd.org/science/biosafety-biotrack/latestdocuments/ or contact email@example.com for more information.
During the 36th Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission which took place in Rome, Italy, FAO organized a side event on 1 July 2013 to launch the FAO GM Foods Platform. The platform shares information on safety assessment of foods derived from recombinant-DNA plants authorized in accordance with the Codex Guideline entitled “Guideline for the conduct of food safety assessment of foods derived from recombinant-DNA plants” (Guideline CAC/GL 45-2003, annex III adopted in 2008). It also facilitates the effective utilization of food safety assessment in situations of low level presence of recombinant-DNA plant materials in food. See the report of the event at http://fao.org/gm-platform or contact Masami.Takeuchi@fao.org for more information.
In 2007, FAO released "The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture", a comprehensive 511-page publication drawing on 169 country reports and a range of other sources to provide the first global assessment of animal genetic resources and their management. FAO has been requested to prepare an update of this global report for launch in 2015. As part of this process, a country report questionnaire for collecting national data has been agreed upon. National Coordinators for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources, nominated by the respective governments, have the responsibility for organizing the preparation of the country reports and they have been requested to submit their country report before 31 January 2014. The questionnaire includes a 2-page section dedicated to reproductive and molecular biotechnologies, covering aspects such as their availability to livestock keepers, their use in research, the stakeholders involved and their use in animal genetic resources management. People wishing to contribute to this section should contact their National Coordinators. See http://www.fao.org/Ag/AGAInfo/programmes/en/genetics/Second_state.html or contact SoWAnGR2@fao.org for further information.
The Pontificia Universidad Javeriana in Bogotá, Colombia recently published "Biotecnologías e innovación: el compromiso social de la ciencia" (Biotechnology and innovation: The social compromise of science), edited by E. Hodson de Jaramillo and T. Zamudio. One of the chapters in this 327-page book is dedicated to “La innovación en agricultura como herramienta de la política de seguridad alimentaria: el caso de las biotecnologías agrícolas” (Innovation in agriculture as a tool in food security policies: The case of agricultural biotechnologies) by A. Sonnino and J. Ruane, from the FAO Research and Extension Branch. See http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar635s/ar635s.pdf (0.5 MB) or contact firstname.lastname@example.org to request a copy of the chapter.
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