Сельскохозяйственные биотехнологии
Сельскохозяйственные биотехнологии в сфере сельскохозяйственных культур, лесном хозяйстве, животноводстве, рыбном хозяйстве  и агропромышленном комплексе  

Вопросы Новостей касаются применения биотехнологий в производстве продовольствия и ведении сельского хозяйства в развивающихся странах и их главный фокус – на деятельности ФАО, других агентств / органов ООН и 15 исследовательских центров Консультативной группы по международным сельскохозяйственным исследованиям (CGIAR). Вопросы Новостей включают все секторы по производству продовольствия и ведения сельского хозяйства (семеноводство, лесное хозяйство, рыбное хозяйство / аквакультуру, животноводство, агропромышленность) и широкий спектр биотехнологий (напр., использование молекулярных рынков, искусственного осеменения, триплоидизации, биологических удобрений, микроклонального размножения, геномики, генетической модификации, и т.д.). В бюллетень новостей включены новые документы, которые доступны также на веб-странице, но для тех, кто не может их скачать или нуждаются в дальнейшей информации, предлагаются электронные адреса для контакта. Служба новостей начала функционировать в январе 2002 года, и все статьи, вышедшие с этого времени, доступны (всего за 9 лет их было 800). Новости и события с веб-страницы также рассылаются электронным путем, в форме электронного бюллетня FAO-BiotechNews, который издается на шести различных языках: арабском, английском, французском, испанском, китайском и русском. Для подписки на этот бюллетень необходимо направить электронное письмо по адресу: FAO-Biotech-News@fao.org, с указанием электронного адреса, на который просите отправлять и на каком языке желаете получать бюллетень.


The second newsletter of the UNEP-GEF Global Project on the Development of National Biosafety Frameworks is now available. The 4-page newsletter includes a progress report on the global project, regional updates on countries participating in the project and a summary of the first series of regional workshops. See http://www.unep.ch/biosafety/newsletterbsf2.pdf or contact biosafety@unep.ch for more information.
ISNAR (International Service for National Agricultural Research) Country Report 63, entitled "Analysis of a National Biosafety System: Regulatory Policies and Procedures in Argentina" and co-authored by M. Burachik and P.L. Traynor, has just been published. The study focuses on the human and organisational aspects of the Argentine biosafety system. See ftp://ftp.cgiar.org/isnar/Publicat/cr63.pdf (size 439 KB) or contact ISNAR-biotech@cgiar.org for more information.
A report on the activities, including information dissemination, capacity building and international co-operation, carried out by the ICGEB (International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology) Biosafety Unit in the year 2001 is now available on the web. See http://www.icgeb.org/biosafety/bsfbroch.htm or contact biosafe@icgeb.org for more information.
The 20th Session of the International Rice Commission (whose Secretariat is hosted by FAO) is to be held in Bangkok, Thailand, 23-26 July 2002. Two papers concerning biotechnology have been commissioned by FAO for presentation at the meeting and are now available on the web. They are Biotechnology for rice breeding: Progress and potential impact by G. S. Khush and D.S. Brar (http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/MEETING/004/AC347E/AC347E00.HTM ) and Nutritional contribution of rice: Impact of biotechnology and biodiversity in rice-consuming countries by G. Kennedy, B. Burlingame and V. N. Nguyen (http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/MEETING/004/Y6618E/Y6618E00.HTM). For more information, contact dat.tran@fao.org .
The background document for the FAO e-mail conference on GMOs and gene flow is now available (http://www.fao.org/biotech/C7doc.htm). The conference runs from 31 May to 5 July 2002 and is entitled "Gene flow from GM to non-GM populations in the crop, forestry, animal and fishery sectors". It is the seventh conference of the FAO Electronic Forum on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture (see http://www.fao.org/biotech/forum.asp).
The 30th Session of the Codex Committee on Food Labelling took place in Halifax, Canada, 6-10 May 2002. The Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission is an intergovernmental body set up to establish international standards on foods. In 1995, the Commission agreed to examine the implications of biotechnology for food labelling. One of the agenda items at the 30th Session is Draft Recommendations for the Labelling of Foods obtained through Certain Techniques of Genetic Modification /Genetic Engineering. See the Meeting Report at http://www.codexalimentarius.net/reports.asp or contact codex@fao.org for further information.
An advance copy (subject to clearance) is now available of the decisions adopted by the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at its 6th meeting in The Hague, Netherlands, 7-19 April 2002. See http://www.biodiv.org/doc/decisions/cop-06-dec-en.pdf or contact secretariat@biodiv.org. The 279-page document covers some topics relevant to applications of biotechnology in food and agriculture, such as the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol. The COP calls upon countries to ratify the Cartagena Biosafety Protocol, the International Plant Protection Convention and the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA), which was adopted by the FAO Conference on 3 November 2001. Another decision invites FAO to study the potential impacts of the applications of Genetic Use Restriction Technologies (GURTs) in the framework of the ITPGRFA, and to consider GURTs in the further development of the Code of Conduct on Biotechnology as it relates to Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, which will be discussed in the 9th Regular Session of FAO`s Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, in October 2002.
An expert consultation and workshop on Protein Sources for the Animal Feed Industry took place in Bangkok, Thailand, 29 April 3 May 2002 and was organised by FAO in association with the International Feed Industry Federation. Some of the papers presented covered topics such as the production of synthetic amino acids for feed (Y. Toride), breeding cereals for improved protein quality (S.K. Vasal) and the use of Quality Protein Maize (G. Qi) or GM crops (D.L. Hard) for animal feed. The papers are available at http://www.fao.org/ag/aga/workshop/feed/programme.htm or contact andrew.speedy@fao.org for more information.
The second module of a toolkit aiming to provide a practical guide for countries to assist them in developing their national biosafety frameworks, under the UNEP-GEF Project on Development of National Biosafety Frameworks, has just been published. The module addresses the instigation of surveys and the preparation of inventories in the different sectors pertaining to biosafety and biotechnology within a country. See http://www.unep.ch/biosafety/ToolkitBSF1.pdf or contact biosafety@unep.ch for more information.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has just published Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO-3): Past, Present and Future Perspectives. This comprehensive 410-page report examines the policies and environmental developments over the past 30 years regarding eight environmental themes - land, forests, biodiversity, freshwater, coastal and marine areas, atmosphere, urban areas and disasters. It then outlines four policy approaches for the next three decades and compares and contrasts their likely impacts on people and the natural world. The final section of the report includes eight fields of suggested action, one of which is to harness technology for the environment and manage the associated risks to maximise the potential of new technologies to deliver substantial environmental and social gains. See http://www.unep.org/geo/ or contact nick.nuttall@unep.org for more information.
Louise Fresco, Assistant-Director General, FAO Agriculture Department gave a presentation on The future of agriculture: Challenges for environment, health and safety regulation of pesticides to the OECD Working Group on Pesticides on 4 February 2002, Paris. Highlights of the presentation, which also covered the role of modern technology, especially GMOs, are available at http://www.fao.org/ag/magazine/oecd.pdf (4 pages) or contact FAO to request a copy.
In connection with the The World Food Summit: five years later to be held in Rome, 10-13 June 2002, FAO has prepared a series of fact sheets on specific issues and topics (http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsummit/fsheets.htm ). One of them is a 2-page pamphlet on biotechnology and food security (in Arabic, English, French, Italian and Spanish). Contact media-relations@fao.org for more information.
The World Health Organization has just published a 241-page report entitled Genomics and Human Health that deals with the likely impact of the genomics revolution on world health, with a primary focus on the implications for developing countries. Although dealing little with the implications of genomics for food and agriculture, many of the topics discussed in the report (such as the latest advances in genomics, the potential impact of intellectual property rights, the relative weight to be given to genomics research versus research into more conventional and well-tried areas, the lack of biotechnology and information technology development in many developing countries and, finally, biosafety and ethical considerations) are highly relevant. See a press release at http://www.who.int/inf/en/pr-2002-34.html. The report is at http://www3.who.int/whosis/genomics/genomics_report.cfm (in English, with a French or Spanish summary) or contact pangt@who.int for more information.
ISNAR Briefing Paper 47, entitled A conceptual framework for implementing biosafety: Linking policy, capacity and regulation and co-authored by M.A. McLean, R.J. Frederick, P. Traynor, J.I. Cohen, and J. Komen has just been put on the web (12 pages). The framework described is based on contributions made at an international consultation convened by the International Service for National Agricultural Research and held in Washington DC, United States, 23-26 July 2001. See ftp://ftp.cgiar.org/isnar/publicat/bp-47.pdf or contact isnar-biotech@cgiar.org for more information.
FAO Research and Technology Paper 8, entitled "Agricultural Biotechnology for Developing Countries - Results of an Electronic Forum", has been published. It presents a report of the first six e-mail conferences hosted by the FAO Electronic Forum on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture from March 2000 to May 2001. Each conference was moderated, lasted roughly two months and focused on agricultural biotechnology in developing countries. The first four dealt with the appropriateness of currently available biotechnologies in the crop, fishery, forestry and livestock sectors, while the remaining two dealt with the implications of agricultural biotechnology for hunger and food security and the impact of intellectual property rights. The publication includes the background and summary documents for each of the conferences, as well as providing an introduction; information about participation in the conferences; general conclusions and, finally, additional references. See http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/004/Y2729E/Y2729E00.HTM or contact FAO to request a copy.
FAO Research and Technology Paper 9, entitled "Glossary of Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture" has been published. The glossary is a revised, augmented version of the "Glossary of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering", published by FAO in 1999 and co-authored by A. Zaid, H.G. Hughes, E. Porceddu and F. Nicholas. In 2001, the process of revising the Glossary was undertaken to update the definitions of this rapidly evolving field and to enrich the number of terms defined. It now includes about 450 new terms, about 100 old terms have been deleted and it contains a total of 3,196 terms and related definitions. The publication is available at http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/004/Y2775E/Y2775E00.HTM or, as a searchable database, at http://www.fao.org/biotech/index_glossary.asp. Alternatively, contact FAO to request a copy.

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Конференции по Сельскохозяйственным Биотехнологиям в Развивающихся странах (ABDC-10)