Сельскохозяйственные биотехнологии
Сельскохозяйственные биотехнологии в сфере сельскохозяйственных культур, лесном хозяйстве, животноводстве, рыбном хозяйстве  и агропромышленном комплексе  

Вопросы Новостей касаются применения биотехнологий в производстве продовольствия и ведении сельского хозяйства в развивающихся странах и их главный фокус – на деятельности ФАО, других агентств / органов ООН и 15 исследовательских центров Консультативной группы по международным сельскохозяйственным исследованиям (CGIAR). Вопросы Новостей включают все секторы по производству продовольствия и ведения сельского хозяйства (семеноводство, лесное хозяйство, рыбное хозяйство / аквакультуру, животноводство, агропромышленность) и широкий спектр биотехнологий (напр., использование молекулярных рынков, искусственного осеменения, триплоидизации, биологических удобрений, микроклонального размножения, геномики, генетической модификации, и т.д.). В бюллетень новостей включены новые документы, которые доступны также на веб-странице, но для тех, кто не может их скачать или нуждаются в дальнейшей информации, предлагаются электронные адреса для контакта. Служба новостей начала функционировать в январе 2002 года, и все статьи, вышедшие с этого времени, доступны (всего за 9 лет их было 800). Новости и события с веб-страницы также рассылаются электронным путем, в форме электронного бюллетня FAO-BiotechNews, который издается на шести различных языках: арабском, английском, французском, испанском, китайском и русском. Для подписки на этот бюллетень необходимо направить электронное письмо по адресу: FAO-Biotech-News@fao.org, с указанием электронного адреса, на который просите отправлять и на каком языке желаете получать бюллетень.


The 3rd Meeting of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety takes place in The Hague, Netherlands on 22-26 April 2002. The meeting documents, which cover themes such as the handling, transport, packaging and identification of living modified organisms, are available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish at http://www.biodiv.org/doc/meeting.asp?wg=ICCP-03 or contact secretariat@biodiv.org for more information.
The 26th FAO Regional Conference for the Near East took place in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, 9-13 March 2002. One of the documents prepared for the meeting is entitled Biotechnology for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in the Near East Region and includes a description of the current status and trends regarding biotechnology in the region. See http://www.fao.org/Unfao/Bodies/RegConferences/nerc26/26nerc-e.htm (in English and Arabic) or contact cristina.sanderson@fao.org to request a copy.
The 3rd Session of the Codex Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Task Force on Foods Derived from Biotechnology took place in Yokohama, Japan, 4-8 March 2002. The agenda and working documents are available at http://www.codexalimentarius.net/ccfbt3/bt02_01e.htm or contact codex@fao.org for further information.
The 4th Session of the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures (ICPM) (the governing body for the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)) took place at FAO Headquarters, Rome, 11-15 March 2002. The IPPC is a multilateral treaty administered through the IPPC Secretariat located in FAO Headquarters. In coordination with the Convention on Biologicial Diversity, a working group of the ICPM is developing specifications for an international standard for phytosanitary measures on pest risk analysis for living modified organisms (LMOs). The document on "Specifications for standards on living modified organisms" (Agenda item 5.6) is available http://www.ippc.int/cds_ippc_prod/IPP/En/default.htm (in Arabic, Chinese, English, French and Spanish) or contact robert.griffin@fao.org to request a copy.
The 1st Session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI), Sub-Committee on Aquaculture takes place in Beijing, China, 18-22 April 2002. A working document entitled Aquaculture development and management: status, issues and prospects, which also considers the role of biotechnology, has been prepared by FAO for the Session. It is available at http://www.fao.org/fi/meetings/cofi/cofi_aq/cofi_aq1/default.asp (in Arabic, Chinese, English, French and Spanish) or can be requested from rohana.subasinghe@fao.org .
The Food Safety Programme of the World Health Organisation (WHO) has commissioned an evidence-based study of the human health and development implications of GM organisms and food products. The study began in February 2002 and a draft study report is to be completed by late 2002. The study involves a wide range of stakeholders, including FAO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and other international organisations. For further information, contact Dr Jørgen Schlundt, Coordinator, Food Safety Programme at schlundtj@who.int.
An FAO Forest Genetic Resources Working Paper written by Konstantin Krutovskii and David Neale and entitled "Forest genomics for conserving adaptive genetic diversity" has recently been put on the web. It was prepared for the Forest Resources Development Service in FAO`s Forest Resources Division. See http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/003/X6884E/X6884E00.HTM or contact Forest-Genetic-Resources@fao.org to request a copy.
The Technical Proceedings of the Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millennium were published in June 2001 and have recently been put on the web. The conference was held in Bangkok, 20-25 February 2000, and organised by FAO and the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA). The introduction states that "these Technical Proceedings represent the most comprehensive and authoritative review assembled to date of the status of aquaculture development in the world". Among the many interesting articles is one related to biotechnology in aquaculture entitled "Review of the status of aquaculture genetics" by Rex Dunham et al. It is available at http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/003/AB412E/ab412e03.htm or a copy of the proceedings can be requested from the NACA Secretariat in Bangkok (publications@enaca.org) or from Dr Rohana Subasinghe (rohana.subasinghe@fao.org), Senior Fishery Officer (Aquaculture) in Rome.
The final Rapporteurs` Report for the conference on `New Biotechnology Food and Crops: Science, Safety and Society`, that took place in Bangkok, Thailand, July 10-12, 2001, is now available (29 pages). The conference was co-sponsored by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the Government of the United Kingdom, in cooperation with FAO, World Health Organisation, United Nations Environment Programme, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Government of Thailand. See http://www.oecd.org/pdf/M00025000/M00025559.pdf or contact icgb@oecd.org for more information.
A paper commissioned by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization concerning Intellectual property rights (IPR) and biotechnology has been published recently in the free electronic journal "IP Strategies Today". The paper is by Anatole Krattiger and entitled "Public-Private Partnerships for Efficient Proprietary Biotech Management and Transfer, and Increased Private Sector Investments". See http://binas.unido.org/binas/reviews/Krattiger.pdf or send an e-mail to subscribe@bioDevelopments.org to subscribe to the journal.
As part of an initiative by the World Health Organisation and leading medical journal publishers, it was announced on 31 January 2002 that more than 1,000 different journals in biomedical and related social sciences will be made freely available on the internet to public institutions in developing countries. Some of the journals are related to biotechnology in food and agriculture. This Health InterNetwork "Access to Research" Initiative is expected to last at least three years. Institutions in countries with GNP per capita below $1000 are eligible for free access to the literature. The institutions need computers connected to the internet with a high-speed link (56k baud rate or higher). See http://www.healthinternetwork.org/src/eligibility.php or contact hinari@who.int for more information.
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture was approved by the FAO Conference on 3 November 2001. FAO experts say that it is a unique comprehensive international agreement that takes into consideration the particular needs of farmers and plant breeders, and aims to guarantee the future availability of the diversity of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture on which they depend, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits. See the text of the treaty at ftp://ext-ftp.fao.org/waicent/pub/cgrfa8/iu/ITPGRe.pdf (59 K); an FAO press release at http://www.fao.org/WAICENT/OIS/PRESS_NE/PRESSENG/2001/pren0181.htm or a news story on the signed treaty at http://www.fao.org/ag/magazine/0112sp3.htm. For further information, consult http://www.fao.org/ag/cgrfa/default.htm or contact jose.esquinas@fao.org.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) produced a press release (January 16) about a three year $ 38 million UNEP/GEF global project entitled "Development of National Biosafety Frameworks" which aims to help developing countries prepare for the entry into force of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety adopted in January 2000. The Biosafety Protocol seeks to ensure the safe transfer, handling and use of GMOs that may have adverse effects on the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. See http://www.unep.org/Documents/Default.asp?DocumentID=233&ArticleID=2995 or contact tore.brevik@unep.org for more information.
The Intergovernmental Group on Bananas and on Tropical Fruits, which is part of FAO`s Committee on Commodity Problems, held its 2nd session in San José, Costa Rica, 4-8 December 2001. The Sub-Group on Bananas evaluated the emerging role of biotechnology in bananas. A report entitled "Biotechnology and Banana Production" was prepared for the meeting and is available at http://www.fao.org/unfao/bodies/ccp/ba-tf/2001/default.htm or a copy can be requested from Daniela.Piergentili@fao.org. In their recommendations and conclusions from the meeting, the sub-group "cautioned against excluding small farmers from the benefits accruing from the application of biotechnology to this sector".
The European Community (EC) has recently published a review of EC-supported research into the safety of GMOs, spanning the period from 1985 to 2000. The research areas included genetically modified plants and fish, biocontrol, food safety, bioremediation, plant microbes, vaccines produced using GM technology and tools/techniques to track GMOs. See http://europa.eu.int/comm/research/quality-of-life/gmo/index.html. Copies of the publication can be requested from nathalie.feyaerts@cec.eu.int
The November edition of OECD Biotechnology Update is available (it is sent roughly every 6 months). The aim of the Update is to provide information on the diverse activities at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development related to biotechnology. The new edition includes, among others, items on regulatory, trade and legal aspects of biotechnology and gives weblinks and e-mail addresses for accessing additional information and publications. See the Update at http://www.oecd.org/pdf/M00008000/M00008255.pdf or contact icgb@oecd.org

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