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Biotechnology Policy Documents of FAO Members

This webpage of the FAO Biotechnology website brings together biotechnology policy documents from FAO members (currently with 194 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union). The majority are national policy documents, but regional (within country) documents are also included. Only documents available on the web are included. We provide the title, date and language(s) of the documents, as well as an indication of their size. We welcome any comments and would especially appreciate hearing from you about any missing or new documents (at [email protected]). This page was last updated in November 2020.

[Note, the documents do not tend to address agricultural biotechnology alone. In addition to the application of biotechnology to food and agriculture, most policy documents also tend to consider applications in other areas, such as pharmaceuticals and human health care, chemicals, textiles, mining, energy and environmental services.]



  • Política de Desenvolvimento da Biotecnologia. Decree 6,041 signed by the President of Brazil on 8 February 2007 that creates the National Committee for Biotechnology and outlines a national policy for the sector. In Portuguese (35 pages, 271 KB).




European Union


#National Policies

#State Policies




  • National Biotechnology Policy. Formulated by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and launched by the Prime Minister in April 2005. In English.






  • National Programme and Policy on Agricultural and Forestry Biotechnology for Paraguay. 2011. The 36-page document, approved by the President of the Republic of Paraguay on 13 June 2011, was prepared by the Multisectoral Technical Group on Biotechnology and Biosafety (GTMSBB). This Group was coordinated by the Unit of International Trade and Integration (UCII) of the General Directorate of Planning of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG). The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) acted as the Technical Secretariat of the Group. The preliminary draft was prepared under the FAO project "Support to Formulating a National Biotechnology Policy", carried out by the MAG's General Directorate of Planning with support from FAO in 2005. In Spanish (2.5 MB).


South Africa



  • Thailand’s National Biotechnology Policy Framework (2012-2021). In English (3 MB).  Published by the Ministry of Science and Technology, and prepared by the National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, the National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, and the National Science and Technology Development Agency. 


©FAO/J. Micaud