Capacity Development Portal
Good Practices

Fisheries and aquaculture management and conservation

  1. Reduction of Environmental Impact from Tropical Shrimp Trawling
  2. Post-harvest processing : the Chorkor oven
  3. Promoting the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries
  4. FishCode : Global Partnerships for Responsible Fisheries
  5. Promoting microfinance in fisheries communities
  6. Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Approach

Guidelines on the ecosystem approach in fisheries to promote sustainable and responsible fisheries

What problem did it address, where?

Recognizing that in many cases fishery resources have been overexploited and in some cases depleted; that in many fisheries and ecosystems, damage to habitats and the environment has contributed to declines in the fishery resources and that resource restoration will only be possible if critical habitats and other relevant environmental properties are restored as well, the Reykjavik Conference on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem in 2001 provided formal agreement by more than 50 countries that an ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) was essential for sustainable and productive fisheries. The following year the WSSD endorsed the ecosystem approach and encouraged the application of EAF by 2010.


In response to requests to facilitate the implementation of EAF, FAO developed a set of technical guidelines in 2003 aimed at assisting countries to progress, through evolution rather than revolution, towards taking account of the impact of fisheries on the ecosystem and the impact of the ecosystem on fisheries. FAO has organized EAF-centred activities (workshops, seminars) in order to implement EAF-based management at national and regional levels and which are aimed at facilitating and encouraging responsible management and responsible fisheries, taking particular note of the need to consider the whole ecosystem in striving for these goals.

Where next?

On-going projects in the Benguela Current and Lesser Antilles, Mediterranean

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