18 Global analysis of food crises: a mechanism to inform planning and resource allocation decisions and enhance food crises response coordination

The EU, WFP and FAO have joined forces to analyse the impact of current and future food crises and recommend a series of response options

Organizers: FAO; WFP; European Commission Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO)

Abstract

Today, there are many initiatives aimed at improving risk analysis to better estimate needs and anticipate crises. FAO and WFP together with partners such as EU, USAID and FEWS NET have invested heavily in food security analysis and related early warning systems and considerable progresses have been made in preventing food crises. Tools such as the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), the Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) and the Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) are well known and inform the global and national food security community on the risk of food crises and on the severity of such crises. Yet, a lot more still needs to be done whereby findings from all the major risk analysis and early warning systems are brought together into a single global report and translated into response options. The European Union, WFP and the FAO have joined forces to analyse the impact of current and future food crises and recommend a series of response options from a resilience perspective. The planned report(s) are to: inform, inter alia, major annual planning and resource allocation decisions, enhance coordination of response and provide ground for promoting joint planning and joint response to future crises.

Key Speakers

Moderator: Dan Gustafson, FAO Deputy Director General (DDO)

Presenter: Anne-Claire Mouilliez, Food Security Information Network (FSIN)

Secretariat Coordinator (WFP)

Panelist: Jean-Pierre Halkin, Head of Unit (Rural Development, Food Security and Nutrition-DEVCO C1)

Panelist: Dominique Burgeon, Director of the Emergency and Rehabilitation Division and Strategic Programme Leader (Resilience) (FAO)

Panelist: Yvonne Forsen, Deputy Head of VAM (WFP)

Panelist: Hamadoun Mahalmoudou, Director of Programmes  (CILSS)

Summary

The purpose of the event was to launch the preparation of the Global Report on Food Crises 2017. The report is envisaged as a public good prepared through a collaboration between technical agencies such as the European Union Joint Research Centre (EU-JRC), FAO, WFP, UNICEF, FEWSNET, donors and regional governmental organizations such as IGAD, CILSS, and SICA.

The report is intent to scale up and expand the scope of the pilot report entitled The Global Analysis of Food and Nutrition Security Situation in Food Crises Hotspots, prepared by EU-JRC in collaboration with FAO and WFP, and issued in March 2016, covering the year 2015. For 2017, a more comprehensive report will cover the year 2016, with possibly regular updates during 2017. The main added value of the proposed approach is consensus building allowing reaching a shared vision of the global situation of food crisis hotspots. A dual mechanism has been proposed to allow a technical analysis to produce the global report, followed by a political process to discuss interventions, coordinate response and, when possible, plan together among partners. The report is to be produced under the Global Network Against Food Crisis, a joint initiative recognized as a step forward in the resilience agenda for its capacity to serve as a link between humanitarian and development partners and actions, promoting coordinated and balanced responses. Moreover, the report allows minimizing confusion on data and reduces the risk of forgetting crises.

The Coordinator of the Food Security Information Network (FSIN) Secretariat delivered a presentation on the rationale of the initiative, including its objectives and modalities of implementation such as the drafting process, the technical review process, and the timeframe for the production of the Global Report 2017.

The presentation was followed by questions to the Panelists, who provided the perspective of their organizations in terms of mutual contribution and benefit between each agency and this effort. Panelists also responded to specific questions for each organization and finally to Q&A from the audience.

Key points

Importance of joint effort to ensure that findings from all the major risk analyses and early warning systems are brought together into a single global report, and translated into a series of response options that will facilitate the related decision-making processes, whilst strengthening accountability.

Importance of contribution, participation, and ownership from all partners, as the completion of the Global Report on Food Crises rests on collaboration and consensus.

The initiative itself contributes to consensus building.

The completion of the Global Report will also highlight data availability and quality gaps, and accordingly advocate for better data, FSN information systems and capacity strengthening efforts.
Key outcomes

The Report serves as the basis to the establishment of the Global Network Against Food Crises, which comprises of a broad range of key institutions both at global and regional level.

This global exercise is timely given the outcomes of the World Humanitarian Summit 2016 and the need for a joint global effort in analyzing food crises to support tackling food insecurity at country level.