59 Territorial Approaches for Food Security and Nutrition and Problematizing Transition

Discussions and strategies towards territorial food systems planning, markets and governance

Organizers: Civil Society Mechanism (CSM)

Abstract

The side event aims to discuss the various approaches to territorial food systems and rural-urban linkages- with specific focus on spatial planning, markets, governance and operationalizing human rights obligations. It will seek to bring together key voices that can problematize transformation and transition and the role of public policy, and provide a space for interested CFS participants to engage in this topic and to better discuss the particular role of the CFS on the topic.

Key speakers

Molly Anderson, IPES-Food and Middlebury College (moderator)

Nadjirou Sall, ROPPA, Senegal

Elene Shatberashvili, La Via Campesina, Georgia

Serge Tomasi, Ambassador of France  

Florence Tartanac, FAO

Main themes/issues discussed

The side event discussed approaches to territorial food systems and rural-urban linkages- with specific focus on spatial planning, markets, governance and operationalizing human rights obligations. The event sought to problematize issues of transformation, with the following questions:

Question 1:  What is our perception and analysis about the rural and urban transformations that are taking place today?  What are we observing on the ground?

Question 2:  What is needed in the way of public policies and planning to ensure that these transformations go in the right direction? What concrete steps can be taken to ensure that relevant CFS recommendations like those on connecting smallholders to markets are applied?  How can we ensure that negotiations on urbanization and rural transformation proceed in a positive and holistic way?   

 

Summary of key points

Urbanization is putting forward an important demographic shift that has implications for food security and nutrition across rural and urban areas, and in particular has effects on food system governance and smallholders. This shift is due to many factors, but one factor that is both pushing urbanization and is a result of it is the lack of meaningful investment in rural areas- both in terms of agriculture for small holders, but also rural infrastructure and services (schools, medical facilities, etc.). There is also the dimension of the role of urban areas- in processing and retail, that need to be better understood and articulated in terms of supporting a rural transformation that puts small holders, and those often left out of decision making at the center.

Key outcomes/take away messages

Questions around rural transformation are not just about how to better connect rural and urban areas, but also how to revitalize rural areas, making them livable spaces, and ensure that the smallholder agriculture that feeds the majority of our food system can be better supported in all aspects of the food system.