28 Forests, trees and agroforestry for food security and nutrition and the SDGs: research and partners, towards a joint action agenda.

What priorities for stakeholders along the research to development continuum, from the generation of technical, policy and governance solutions to scaling-up according to contexts?

Organizers

  • CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  • The Netherlands
  • Tropenbos International
  • SIANI - Swedish International Agricultural Network Initiative
  • MARS, Incorporated

Abstract

Forests and trees are key to achieve food and nutrition security objectives, to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Forest and trees have critical roles to play in landscapes and in value chains towards sustainable agricultural development. Yet, forests and trees were historically not given the place they deserve within these agendas.

There is scope for major food security, environmental, economic and social development benefits if people, including women, young and marginalized people, can be given the ways and means to better utilize and manage forests and trees resources within landscapes, if benefits can be more equitably shared, and if timber and tree food products value chains are organized for sustainable production and consumption.

To address these challenges a specific and forward-looking focus on research, knowledge-generation and scaling-up with development partners is needed.  The side event will discuss expectations of stakeholders, from generating technical, policy and governance solutions, to scaling-up according to contexts. This will help defining priorities of research for development and of national and international partners, in support of stakeholders needs to implement the CFS action agenda.

Key speakers/presenters

  • H.E. Amb. Hans Hoogeveen, Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to FAO    
  • Vincent Gitz, CGIAR/CIFOR/FTA Director    
  • Eva Muller, FAO/FO/FOA Director
  • Peter Holmgren, CIFOR Director General
  • Rene Boot, Tropenbos International, Director General
  • Kerstin Jonsson Cisse, SIDA, head of global programme
  • Cecile Ndjebet, President, the African Women’s Network for Community Management of Forests (REFACOF)
  • Agusdin Pulungan, President WAMTI (Indonesian Farmer and Fisher Society Organization)

Summary

Importance of sustainable forestry for food security and nutrition (FSN), how to move forward on the implementation of HLPE report on sustainable forestry for FSN and CFS policy recommendations. Discussion on expectations of stakeholders, from generating technical, policy and governance solutions, with a focus on research for development and scaling up and out of solutions.

Forests and trees are key to achieving food and nutrition security objectives, to address the objectives of the Paris Agreement and to achieve the SDGs. Forest and trees play critical role in landscapes and in value chains towards sustainable agricultural development.
There is a need for an integrated approach to agriculture and forestry. Agroforestry is technology and methodology for poverty alleviation, the conservation of nature’s values, the protection of ecosystem services and biodiversity as well as economically viable.

Key outcomes/take away messages

The event enabled to review key implementation points, as well as key demands towards research and stakeholders:

  • Need to have a forward-looking perspective, to focus on the future, on the drivers of deforestation: a key question is what can agriculture do for forests?
  • Private sector has a fundamental role to play for responsible investments in tree value chains. We need to know how to accompany and incentivize responsible business models. How to ensure that investments are done in a sustainable way? We need reviews and guidelines on ways to make business, different models of inclusive business.
  • Quantify the constraints to integrating trees into farms and in landscapes: lack of information on successful examples, on new techniques (including cost-benefits), seeds, sourcing. How to overcome difficulties to invest without reserves. What incentive schemes? What value chains adapted to local contexts?
  • In terms of responsible investments in value chains, facilitate women’s participation and empowerment is key, ensuring secure tenure, adequate resources, capacities to develop entrepreneurship.
  • Need to focus on small-farmers and producers and link these to markets.
  • Need to invest in tree food products including fruits that contribute to diet diversity and health, on underutilized nutritious food crops, in particular from trees.
  • Plantations are on the spot. However, these are needed to ensure the growing supply of wood and other products. What constitutes sustainable plantations is a key question.
  • Need to look at different roles of certification, could be landscapes certification to simplify the approach for smallholders and unify different certification schemes they face.
  • Need for integration. Most drivers of change (such as for land-use change) are outside forests. To devise solutions, need to integrate agriculture and forestry together.
  • Knowledge and development gap: Key challenge is how to make research results available and usable, especially for small scale farms. How to use knowledge?
  • To implement the CFS agenda, countries will need support, data, knowledge and innovative governance solutions, policies, with the involvement of all partners. FAO disseminates knowledge and technical support. It depends on research.

Key messages on R4D needs will be used in the prioritization process of FTA.

Side Event - 28 - Forests, trees and agroforestry for food security and nutrition and the SDGs: research and partners, towards a joint action agenda