55 Global Hearing of the Landless

How to effectively secure and institutionalize the Land Rights of the Landless Poor?

Organizers

  • CSM Constituency of the Landless, formed by Landless Movements from all continents

Abstract

The growing landlessness is a root cause of food insecurity, inequality, disparity, injustice and violence which together can be seen as one of the biggest challenges for humanity today. Representatives of landless movements from Asia, Near East, Africa and Latin America will describe the dimensions of landlessness, their causes and effects, and will present their political demands towards the international community, and particularly CFS. The global hearing of the landless will provide a unique moment to learn from representatives of landless movements about their realities and struggles on the ground, and to hear from them what are their urgent political proposals on the national, regional and global levels. The Sustainable Development Goals, and particularly those related to food security and nutrition, cannot be achieved without effectively addressing the core concerns of the landless. The Global Hearing of the Landless aims to be a step of hope and struggle into this direction.

Key speakers/presenters

  • Ambassador Amira Gornass, Chair of the UN Committee on World Food Security- CFS
  • Jamal Talab ALAmleh, General Director of Land Research Center- Palestine, Coordinator of CSM Landless Constituency
  • Rhoda Gueta, Asian Peasant Coalition, Philippines;   Coordinator of CSM Landless Constituency
  • Salete Carollo, Movimiento de los Trabajadores Rurales sin Tierra, Brazil
  • Justus Lavi  Mwololo, Kenya Small Scale Framers  Forum, Kenya

Summary

The importance of the Landless issue with a special focus on: Landless Definition ,Reality of landless ,Landless and International Human Rights, struggles and official effort in the landless issue exist but is not sufficient, and institutionalization of the CSM landless constituency

  • Explanation of the work to form the Landless Constituency and of the development of the definition of landless to become more comprehensive than previous definitions, explaining the underlying causes of landless, without forgetting those who grew up without land.
  • The right to land is equal to the right to life.
  • Emphasis on addressing landless problems is a necessary step for communities seeking to achieve sustainable development
  • Land, water, and seed are not goods for sale and purchase, but rights that must be made available to all.
  • The dispossession of land rightful from its owners and users is a crime that must be confronted and farmers' rights to the land are Imprescriptible .
  • Occupation, colonialism and governmental exploitation confiscated the lands of small owners and farmers - such as in Africa , Latin America and Asia; especially Palestine, which destroyed the economic basis of these communities, so these confiscations are illegal, and the rights must be restored.
  • Many land-based agricultural activities are carried out by women, who are still deprived of rights related to land ownership and disposal.
  • As the residents of coastal areas become Landless, they will gradually lose access to the sea and fishing.
  • Some landless people are forced to live on the banks of rivers, not in reclaimed land. Therefore, women live between the conditions of  floods and droughts.
  • Indigenous peoples consider land as man's dignity and mother.

The workshop concluded with:

  1. Importance of supporting the local struggles of the Landless in defending their right to land and life.
  2. Invitation extended to volunteer participants in Landless Constituency.
  3. Objective to hold international workshops at continents level in addition to an international conference on landless and seeking to prepare voluntary guidelines on Landless Cause.
  4. Need to study the lack of laws governing the land and its uses and to circulate and up-scale  success stories.
  5. Supporting the rights of indigenous peoples and peoples under occupation to restore their land with adequate reparation.
  6. Calling for land redistribution and reform. Public land must be distributed- in part- to the landless setting up appropriate systems.
  7. Calling for the enactment of laws that protect the rights of women to freely own and use land.
  8. Providing fishermen with free access to shores and use them freely to practice their profession.

Key outcomes/take away messages

Participants agreed that the strengthening of people's movement and civil society and the development of its activities and struggles would contribute to strengthen and support CFS efforts and its success. They called for more side events, exchange visits and workshops to give a wider space for dialogue, discussion and enrichment on this important subject.

Side Event - 55 - Global Hearing of the Landless