106 Launch Event: World Livestock (WoLi) Report: Transforming the Livestock Sector through the Sustainable Development Goals

Enhancing the contribution of the livestock sector to the achievement of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development.

Organizers

  • IFPRI
  • FAO

Abstract

For decades, the livestock debate has focused on how to increase production in a sustainable manner. However, the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has shifted the emphasis from fostering sustainable production per se, to enhancing the contribution of the sector to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This publication examines the sector’s interaction with each of these Goals, as well as the potential synergies, trade-offs, and complex interlinkages.

This global report is intended to serve as a reference framework that Member States and stakeholders can use as they engage in the transformation process of the livestock sector towards sustainability. It calls for an integrated approach towards livestock sustainable development, highlights the effective adaptation of the SDGs into specific and targeted national policy action as the major challenge ahead, and flags the steps in the implementation road map.

Key speakers/presenters

  • José Graziano Da Silva, FAO, Director General
  • Shenggen Fan, IFPRI, General Director
  • Maria Helena Semedo, FAO, Deputy Director
  • Berhe Tekola, FAO, AGA-Director
  • Alejandro Acosta, FAO, Livestock Policy Officer.

Main themes/issues discussed

For decades, the livestock debate has focused on how to increase production in a sustainable manner. However, the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has shifted the emphasis from fostering sustainable production per se, to enhancing the contribution of the sector to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This publication examines the sector’s interaction with each of these Goals, as well as the potential synergies, trade-offs, and complex interlinkages. This global report is intended to serve as a reference framework that Member States and stakeholders can use as they engage in the transformation process of the livestock sector towards sustainability. It calls for an integrated approach towards livestock sustainable development, highlights the effective adaptation of the SDGs into specific and targeted national policy action as the major challenge ahead, and flags the steps in the implementation road map.

Summary of key points

 

Enhancing livestock’s contribution to the SDGs will require a profound transformation of the sector. This will involve, inter alia, looking beyond policies and investments specific to livestock. It will require the formulation of strategies to remove the barriers keeping poor livestock farmers from access to productive assets and rural services; to allow animal-source food (ASF) prices to better reflect negative externalities; to strengthen livestock organizations, with emphasis on small-scale producers together with their associations and cooperatives.

It means that efforts to increase productivity must focus on small producers; and that extension services must be more gender-responsive. Equally important is the institutionalisation of planning in routine disease prevention, including generalized adoption of One Health approaches. Essential too are trade reforms, investment in infrastructure, better access to financial resources, technology innovation and institutional development, while livestock markets must be made more transparent and efficient.

A major challenge will be to translate the role of livestock in the SDGs into national policies and strategies. The SDGs and targets are aspirational and global. Thus, each country will have to decide how the role of livestock in the SDGs should be incorporated into national planning processes, policies and strategies, and how to set national targets guided not only by the global level of ambition but taking into account national contexts.

Key take away messages

  • The livestock sector can contribute directly or indirectly to the achievement of each of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • However the achievement of some of the targets could conflict with the accomplishment of others.
  • It is therefore likely that policy makers will have to trade off gains in some areas with losses in others.
  • The World Livestock (WoLi) global report: Transforming the Livestock Sector through the sustainable Development Goals, examines the sector’s interaction with each of the Goals, as well as the potential synergies, trade-offs, and complex interlinkages involved.



CFS Side Event 106 - Transforming the Livestock Sector through the Sustainable Development Goals