SE095 Triple nexus approach: Humanitarian response, Rural development, and Peace Building: A joint nexus experience to improve food security and nutrition of vulnerable groups; Migrants, host communities, victims and FARC Ex combatants

Organizers

  • FAO
  • IFAD
  • WFP

According to the World Bank, though Colombia is a middle-income country, it is ranked among the ten countries with the highest levels of inequality in Latin America with a Gini coefficient of 0.5 in 2017 and a poverty rate in the rural areas is 2.3 times higher than in the urban areas. For 2019, 2.255.850 people have needs in Food Security and Nutrition due to the losses and deterioration of their productive assets. In response, the new government elected in 2018 has formulated a four-year development plan, which has the challenging task of closing the development gaps between urban and rural areas.

For several decades in Colombia, the work of the agencies has supported the national and local government in overcoming rural gaps. Since 2018, the work of the agencies has consisted of the joint coordination and implementation of innovative models for sustainable development with a triple-nexus approach; humanitarian response, development, and peacebuilding.

  1. Humanitarian response: Consist on responding to the main needs of the migrants from Venezuela, host communities and victims of the internal conflict through life-saving food assistance, rapid recovery of food production and early recovery of livelihoods.
  2. Rural development: Focus on the implementation of a livelihoods and resilience strategy targeting vulnerable smallholder farmers. This strategy provides technical assistance and links to local markets by strengthening the role of the institution entities on the regional food systems. The strategy is fully allignment with Colombia's framework for rural development. In addition, this component includes the implementation of a strategy for the socio-economical inclusion of the migrant population into the regions.
  3. Peace-building: Consist on the contribution to the peace process by working with the Colombian institutions of the Ministry of Agriculture (ARN -reintegration, ART -rural reform, ADR -rural development, ANT -access to land and the Ministry itself), and UARIV (victims reparation) to build capacities on former FARC ex combatants and victims of conflict who are today engaged in agricultural production, to ensure sustainability over the long term.

The components of the joint coordination are based on the Food Security and Nutrition approach through the diversification of food production and the reinforce of capacities on the communities in healthy habits in food consumption.

Furthermore, the agencies work through a Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change adaptation approach by disseminating sustainable traditional and ancestral knowledge and designing of innovative community technical models for the generation of resilience.

Key speakers/presenters

  • Andres Stapper, Director of the Agency for the Reincorporation and Normalization (ARN)
  • Juan Carlos Zambrano, Director of the Agency for the Renewal of the Territory (ART)
  • Alan Bojanic, Country Representative – FAO
  • Carlo Scaramella, Country Representative – WFP
  • Paolo Silveri, LAC Regional Economist – IFAD

Main themes/issues discussed 

  • The triple nexus approach in Colombia is composed by the humanitarian emergency (ensuring assistance to migration flows coming from Venezuela), rural development (to overcome inequality and poverty in rural communities) and peace building (economic and social inclusion of victims and former combatants as part of the implementation of the Peace Agreement).
  • The Colombian government is working with the RBA to stabilize the most affected territories, transform rural communities and implement the 2030 Agenda, with a focus on SDG 1 and 2.
  • RBA projects in rural Colombia aimed at ensuring access to food, the recovery of livelihoods, the increase of productivity and income.
  • Current RBA programs with the ARN reach more than 12,000 former combatants and their families and aim at proving assistance and linkages with social protection systems, productive development and education opportunities.
  • In cooperation with the ART, RBA are contributing to provide development opportunities for 170 rural municipalities (PDET). 
  • Among the issues raised in the open discussion, were the impact of the migration phenomenon on stabilization efforts, violence against social leaders, or the incorporation of the gender approach.

Summary of key points

  • The Colombian government reaffirms its commitment to peace and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This commitment falls within its policy and legal framework, including the National Development Plan and the Policy for Peace with Legality (Paz con Legalidad).
  • The reincorporation process of former FARC combatants incorporates a very important community and rural dimension. The socio-economic inclusion of this population in the territory is one of the challenges of the Government in which the RBAs provide their support
  • A key dimension of the Rural Reform envisaged in the Peace Agreement is the Territorial Approach, which is embodied in the so-called Territorial Approach Development Programs (PDET). They are supported on an intense participatory planning process and are aligned with 8 SDGs, including Zero Hunger.
  • In the PDET, most affected rural areas by conflict, the Colombian government with the support of the RBA, are working to foster reconciliation and accelerate economic and social development.
  • The work of the RBAs has supported the national and local governments in overcoming rural gaps. The impact of the collaborative work and synergies between the agencies has consisted of the joint coordination and implementation of innovative models for sustainable development with a triple-nexus approach; humanitarian response, development, and peacebuilding.

Key take away messages

  • In Colombia, RBA collaboration in triple nexus response to the recent crisis of migrants and victims of the armed conflict as a first stage in this process, pointing directly to access to food and recovery of nutritional status.
  • In addition, their approach also includes the recovery of livelihoods, sustainable management of natural resources, diversification in food production and access to local markets.
  • Finally, peace building, as a United Nations priority in Colombia, has been an opportunity for RBAs to generate innovative response models. The work with ex-combatants of the FARC and victim communities in areas prioritized by the government are part of the joint work in terms of recovery of nutritional status, adaptation to climate change and access to market.
  • Given the common vision that agencies share about the end of hunger and the promotion of sustainable agriculture, as well as the geographical coincidence of the projects, the RBAs are cooperating in five areas:

Humanitarian response
Food and food safety
Resilience and adaptation to climate change
Productive development and market access
Peacebuilding, through work with victims of the conflict and former combatants



CFS 46 Side Event: SE095 Triple nexus approach: Humanitarian response, Rural development, and Peace Building

 

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