SE100 Stopping and reversing the trends in food crises: The Global Network Against Food Crises as game changer to respond to immediate needs while building resilient agri-food systems for long-lasting solutions to food crises

Organizers

  • FAO
  • WFP
  • European Union (EU)

The Global Network Against Food Crises was launched by EU, FAO and WFP at the 2016 World Humanitarian Summit with the objective of tackling the root causes of food crises and promoting sustainable solutions through shared analysis and knowledge, and strengthened coordination in evidence-based responses. Three years since the launch, the Global Network Against Food Crises has yielded notable results. It produces relevant public goods for decision support at all levels, such as the Global Report on Food Crises, which is internationally recognized as a technical, evidence - and consensus-based reference for a global picture on the severity and scale of the major food and nutrition crises.

The overall purpose of the event is to illustrate to CFS’s members and other relevant stakeholders the current and potential role of the Global Network in addressing food crises, particularly with respect to the long-term viability of agri-food systems, which are increasingly under pressure and changing dramatically due to multiple and simultaneous threats.

The event represents the opportunity to share the latest evidence and discuss on the implications at global, regional and country level of the following issues: (I) Trends and challenges facing agri-food systems, as presented in the scientific report from Agricultural Research for Development Centre (CIRAD) and FAO; (ii) the current food security situation in countries affected by major food crises, related drivers and associated risks; and (iii) the humanitarian and development financial flows to food crisis countries, with a focus on investments in agriculture, nutrition and food security.

The event will benefit from the high-level participation of the three Global Network’s founding organizations, namely the FAO Director General, the WFP Executive Director, and the EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development. The event is designed in a way to engage the CFS's stakeholders in an informative and dynamic panel discussion and debate moderated by an authoritative globally recognized facilitator.

Key speakers/presenters

Opening remarks

  • Qu Dongyu, FAO Director-Generaloderat

Moderator

  • David Nabarro, Professor of Global Health at the Imperial College London

Presentation on “Evidence and the implications”:

  • Sandrine Dury, Director of Research, Agricultural Research for Development Centre (CIRAD)
  • Djimé Adoum, Executive Secretary of the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (CILSS)
  • Anne-Claire Mouilliez, FSIN Coordinator
  • Abdi Jama, IGAD Head of IFRAH
  • Lavinia Antonaci, Food Security Analysist, FAO

EU current and future support to the Global Network Against Food Crises by Neven Mimica, EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development

“Global Network at country level: perspectives from South Sudan” with intervention from FAO and WFP country representation in South Sudan:

  • Pierre Vauthier, Deputy FAO Representative
  • Matthew Hollingworth, WFP Representative & Country Director

Closing remarks

  • David Beasley, WFP Executive Director

Main themes/issues discussed

  • Trends and challenges facing food systems, including latest developments and implications of climate and security crisis in the Sahel.
  • The current food security situation in countries affected by major food crises, related drivers and associated risks according to the update analysis of the Global Report on Food Crises 2019 with a focus on the perspectives and implications in Eastern Africa region according to the “Regional Report on Food Crises” that was recently released.
  • The preliminary findings of a study on humanitarian and development financial flows to food crisis countries, with a focus on investments in agriculture, nutrition and food security.
  • The operationalization of the Global Network at country level, through the presentation on the resilience work being done in South Sudan.

The event benefited from the high-level participation and key note speeches of the three Global Network’s founding organizations, namely the FAO Director General, the WFP Executive Director, and the EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development who stated their commitment, further support and way forward for the operationalization of the Global Network Against Food Crises.

Summary of key points

  • The CIRAD report highlights that food systems are facing multiple new risks, which, in some cases, are related to the way the food system works and in other cases, they are external. In the Sahel region, different risks threatening the local food systems have accumulated and combined to provoke a multiplier effect, with dire consequences for food security.
  • The update analysis of the Global Report on Food Crises 2019 highlights that Yemen continues to be the world’s largest food insecurity crisis in 2019. Food insecurity crisis remains high in DRC, Afghanistan, Syrian Arab Republic, South Sudan and Sudan; it has deteriorated in Ethiopia while it has slightly decreased in 16 states of northern Nigeria and the Federal Capital Territory.  Evidence also shows that one in four people affected by acute hunger in the world lives in seven countries of East Africa supported by IGAD.
  • Preliminary findings on the humanitarian and development investments focused on investments in agriculture, nutrition and food security in food crises contexts highlight that humanitarian assistance has increased in the last three years but the unbalanced proportion of allocations between countries has emerged as an issue to tackle. There is also a clear disproportion between humanitarian and development allocations particularly in conflict driven crises, which reflects the difficulties of undertaking development in unstable contexts. 

Key take away messages

  • Agreement on the need to address food crises in a longer term perspective and on partnership basis between EU, FAO and WFP and the broader international community working across the HDP nexus.
  • Agreement in utilizing the Global Network Against Food Crises as framework to address food crises in a longer term perspective on partnership basis along its three dimensions : a) understanding food crises ; b) leveraging food security investments; c) promoting partnership at all level with other relevant actors (Beyond Food)
  • The identification of sustainable food systems in fragile contexts as a critical area of intervention to promote long term food security.
  • The EU new grant of 20 Million will provide an opportunity to support analytical and programming efforts to sustainability address food insecurity in countries affected by food crises and therefore advance the 2030 Agenda particularly with respect to SDG2. In particular, it will be instrumental to support UNSDCF processes in food crises countries.
  • The grant will also provide an opportunity for the establishment of small joint unit composed of FAO, WFP and UNICEF (tbc) staff based at FAO to oversee the various relevant efforts to address food crises.
CFS 46 Side Event: SE100 Stopping and reversing the trends in food crises.

 

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