SE121 The many lenses to SDG2: Joining forces to increase Food Availability, Affordability & Accessibility: Identifying priority actions through diverse voices to accelerate progress towards SDG 2

Organizers

  • SDG2 Advocacy Hub
  • World Vision
  • FAO
  • DSM
  • European Union (EU)

This side event offers unique insight through a diverse panel representing local farmers, EU, Government, Private Sector, NGO, UN and civil society groups. Led by a farmer's field experience from Guruve, Zimbabwe, participants will explore best collaborative practices to advance integrated food and market systems approaches. This discussion will also focus on how to bring priority actions together in a way that looks at SDG 2 through a "new lens" narrative that can serve to complement the current mission towards Zero Hunger.

Key speakers/presenters

  • Moderator: Rebecca Middleton, Executive Director Alliance to End Hunger


Panel:

  • Elizabeth Gwevo, Farmer, Mudhindo Village, Zimbabwe. Participant in ENTERPRIZE Project under Zimbabwe Livelihoods and Food Security Programme (LFSP)
  • Ali Said, Chief Technical Advisor, Livelihoods and Food Security Programme (LFSP), FAO  Zimbabwe
  • Katie Carson, Director Global Nutrition Policy & Government Relations, Royal DSM NV
  • Juan Manuel Velasco, Senior Policy Officer, European Commission, DG DEVCO, International Cooperation and Development
  • Paul Newnham, Director, SDG 2 Advocacy Hub

Main themes/issues discussed

This side event offered unique insight through a diverse panel representing local farmers, EU, Government, Private Sector, NGO, UN and civil society groups. Led by a farmer’s field experience from Zimbabwe, participants explored best collaborative practices to advance integrated food and market systems approaches through three interrelated areas: 1) evidence-based discussion, priorities for action to accelerate progress towards SDG2; 2) field experiences from Rwanda and Zimbabwe demonstrating the power of joining forces to advance integrated food and market systems approaches; and  3) how to bring priority actions together in a way that looks at SDG 2 through a ‘new lens’ narrative that can serve to complement the current mission towards Zero Hunger, further supporting diverse stakeholders to collaborate constructively and develop impactful, long-term solutions.

Summary of key points

Programmes introduced:

Enterprize Project: The World Vision led Enterprize (Ensuring Nutrition, Transforming and Empowering Rural Farmers and Promoting Resilience) project is one of the three (3) geographic cluster and a multi-stakeholder projects being implemented under the bigger GBP 72.4 million DFID funded Zimbabwe Livelihoods and Food Security Programme (LFSP), which is managed by FAO and Palladium. The LFSP is tackling the multiple needs amongst 200,000 rural farming households with the aim of contributing to poverty reduction through increased incomes and improved food security. The programme promoted climate resilient farm enterprises, increase of production and consumption of diverse nutritious foods, and mobilised women to participate in savings groups. The programme is reaching over 1,000,000 people (60% women) with the ENTERPRIZE project alone reaching over 45,000 households. Future programme can learn from this experience to understand the enablers and blockers. Contact: Ali Said, FAO


DSM Partnership: Innovations in food market systems using public private partnership between World Vision, DSM, Africa Improved Foods (AIF), Kumwe and Sight and Life in Rwanda. A season-long pilot during January-May 2018 leveraged World Vision's 'Building Secure Livelihoods' model with Kumwe-AIF innovation targeting improved post-harvest efficiency where farmers sold maize on cob. 4426 farmers aggregated 3,000MT of high quality (90% acceptance rate vs 25% traditionally) maize and were linked to premium market. It combined agricultural science, market strategies, training for improved yield, delaying the shelling of maize to make it resilient to aflatoxin, creating jobs, sparing farmer's time, and lifting families out of poverty. The 5-year scale-up vision WV Rwanda and AIF co-own entails maize-value chain transformation, targeting 196 cooperatives with 48,282 farmers aggregating 28,000MT maize. Contact: Katie Carson, DSM

FIRST Programme: FIRST is  a multi-stakeholder partnership (FAO+EU+governments) aimed at improving FSN by providing policy assistance through a network of policy officers embedded at the relevant ministries: the goal is to set an enabling environment in which the impact of investments on FSN can be maximized.
On top of this, the Programme partnered with the EU, IFAD, IFPRI, Sight and Life and WFP to generate evidence and identify priorities for action to accelerate progress towards SDG 2. Contact: Juan Manuel Velasco, European Commission


SDG 2 Narrative Project:  Given the issues and themes in SDG 2 are very interlinked - for example, how nutrition policy is interdependent with biodiversity; and how food systems interact with agriculture - there is a desire among stakeholders to develop a communication narrative that sits above these issues. The SDG 2 Advocacy Hub network has been looking at this new narrative approach through a global consultation. The narrative will serve as a framework for highlighting messaging over 2020 as well as work alongside partner’s own narratives, laying the foundation for the next decade of action on SDG 2 and within the other broader SDGs. One of the aims of this project is to bring priority actions together in a way that looks at SDG 2 through a ‘new lens’ narrative that can serve to complement the current mission towards Zero Hunger, further supporting diverse stakeholders to collaborate constructively and develop impactful, long-term solutions. Contact: Paul Newnham, SDG 2 Advocacy Hub

Key take away messages

Investment: Addressing the four dimensions of food security and nutrition requires a significant increase in responsible investment in agriculture and food systems (Principles for Responsible Investments in Agriculture and Food Systems (CFSRAI)). In 2017, the CFS Committee embarked on a multi-stakeholder policy convergence process which will lead to the development of Voluntary Guidelines on Food Systems and Nutrition to be presented for endorsement at CFS47 in 2020. The guidelines are expected to counter the existing policy fragmentation between the food, agriculture and health sectors while also addressing livelihood and sustainability challenges and to contribute to making food systems nutrition-sensitive and promoting secure access to safe, diverse and high-quality diets for everyone.

Trust: There is a strong need for trust, clear targets and partner role and responsibility clarification, potentially improving efficiency and alignment of expectations. For example, it is difficult for farmers to access seeds & fertilisers with country’s economic difficulties. Trust building is key for private sector partnerships but takes time to build.

Innovation: It is crucial that each partner brings to the table an open mindset, a propensity for innovation, partnerships principles and shared goals. This sets a conducive environment for innovative solutions to be curated and developed collaboratively at the global and national level, that can then give the scope, support and inspiration required to co-create community level solutions, with local partners.

Integration: Nutrition sensitive, sustainable and productive agriculture integrated with market linkages hold the key to addressing the key causes of malnutrition in all its forms for the progressive realisation of the right to adequate food in the context of achievement of SDG 2 as a whole.

Inclusiveness: As an example, in Zimbabwe, there is great progress to achieve SDGs by raising smallholder farmer productivity through climate resilience; increasing access to financial assets; improving market engagement; and improving access to diverse, nutritious foods. If we put gender and women at the centre, we can accelerate SDG 2 action.

Success is relative: The great progress in economic development behind the success in reducing hunger has also led to an increase in the global prevalence of  overweight among children, adult obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs), even among low-income developing countries.

Relationship to other SDGs: Eradicating poverty cannot be achieved without ensuring food and nutrition security for all. While SDG 2 is a strong enabler for SDG 1, increasing agricultural production, productivity and incomes require complementary policies that benefit the poor and vulnerable communities in rural areas and reduce their exposure to adverse environmental shocks.

SMEs, along with smallholder farmers, make up the bulk of the food system in developing and emerging markets. They play a key role in this, as they occupy critical positions along the value chains: as input suppliers, off-takers, processors, distributors, which furthermore creates jobs and enhances regional economic growth. SDG 8 in the agri-food space is key to enabling SDG 2.

We need to more clearly explain SDG 2 story if we are to bring in the public & engage decision-makers. SDG 2   connects to poverty,  climate, food systems and  health but we aren’t stepping into this space. We need to own it.  

Summary

Changing our current course: In order to change course in agriculture and food systems  towards a more  sustainable path that works across the 2030 Agenda goals, we need to address three policy domains:             

Transform agriculture and food systems to work simultaneously for human health, social development, the environment, hunger and poverty  reduction, and for inclusive economic growth.                

Social transformation through an empowerment agenda to bring women, youth and consumers to the centre of the policy arena.

Refocus governance mechanisms on  addressing key implementation bottlenecks that challenge the achievement of SDG targets.

It is necessary to to communicate this in a new narrative that can serve to support the dissemination of data analysis and informed-based recommendations to senior management and governing bodies. Providing recommendations through a concrete narrative/story helps to communicate results and enhance the implementation of these recommendations.

 

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