FAO in China

Programmes in China

This Country Programming Framework (CPF) sets out four priority areas to guide FAO partnership and support with the Government of China – bringing together innovative international best practices and global standards with national and regional expertise during years from 2016 to 2020.

The CPF was prepared following consultation and agreement with the Ministry of Agriculture of China, line ministries, academic research institutes, private sector, civil society and other development partners in the country.

FAO, in providing support as part of the CPF, will apply key cross-cutting programming principles and put particular emphasis on gender equality, strengthening partnerships, fostering innovation and Communication to bring FAO’ s interventions at a higher level of impact and visibility. These principles will provide the basis for the development of a renewed and stronger prtnership with the government of China and lay the foundation for a relevant, effective and impactful country programme.

Towards the realization of Sustainable Development Goals. The CPF will contribute to improve the evidence base for the implementation and monitoring of agriculture related SGDs in the country. Policy advocacy, coordination and technical assistance will be provided to support China’s National Plan on Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In line with FAO’s corporate action plan, statistical support, including but not limited to methodology development, data collection, capacity development, and information dissemination will also be provided to contribute to the monitoring of SGD indicators, particularly those for which FAO is custodian.

It is estimated that USD 45,125,758 are needed and should be mobilized for the implementation of the CPF for China (2016-2020).

Priority Area 1. Fostering sustainable and climate resilient agricultural development

Priority Area 1. Fostering sustainable and climate resilient agricultural development

Rapid economic development, accelerated urbanization process and steady population growth generate a rising and inelastic demand for food in China in the long run. On top of the already limited per-capita endowment of natural resources, China is facing growing challenges in the forms of overexploitation of agricultural resources, excessive use of agricultural inputs, and deterioration of ecological environment. Climate change scenarios multiply the negative impacts and adverse effects on sustainable and resilient agriculture development in the country.

The National 13th Five-year Development Plan puts “modernization” as the direction for agriculture development in the country for the period of 2016-2020, emphasizing the main requirements on high efficiency, product safety, energy conservation and environment friendliness. Maintaining sustainable agriculture development for food and nutrition security not only builds on the national agriculture development agenda, but also contributes significantly to the achievement of food and agriculture security in line with the SDGs. The entry points of FAO’s support for this national development priority focuses on three thematic areas including innovative approaches for agriculture evelopment, revitalization of ecosystem and biodiversity, as well resilience to climate change risks. Participation of and benefits for smallholder farmers, vulnerable and poverty-stricken groups in particular, shall be a top consideration.

Sustainable intensification of agriculture production will contribute to translate the national development priority of “building an eco-civilization” into agriculture sector. FAO’s support in this regard aims at introducing innovative ideas and interventions that could bring greater added value to the already on-going national initiatives. Novel practices of global agricultural development including but not limited to the agro-ecological approach, climatesmart agriculture, nutrition sensitive agriculture, sustainable food value chains, Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHs), and ICT and E-agriculture , will be mainstreamed by means of policy advice and development support, awarenessraising, capacity building, institutional networking and, where useful, pilot initiatives in the field.

FAO will assist China’s agriculture sector in fulfilling its commitment to the Paris Agreement on Climate Change through Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) towards improving resilience to climate change in both terms of adaptation and mitigation with a focus on the poorest. Climateresilient agriculture will be piloted in agricultural provinces with higher risks for climate change threats. FAO will target water, lake, forest, and wetland ecosystems for interventions in the domains of biodiversity conservation, ecosystem threat mitigation, ecosystem monitoring and evaluation, protected area management, alternative/ sustainable livelihoods, environmental education and capacity building. Forest sector will also be a priority area for interventions, with Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) to be piloted in selected provinces for increasing carbon storage and creating carbon credit for trade. In addition to on-going GEF initiatives, FAO shall support China in seeking Green Climate Fund (GCF) funding in addressing the climate change impacts in the technical areas of livestock, grassland management, forestry and beyond. In contributing to the 2030 agenda, FAO will support the country in monitoring and reporting of the implementation process and achievement of the agriculture related SDGs.

Priority Area 2. Reducing rural poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition

Priority Area 2. Reducing rural poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition

Despite of the remarkable achievement in reducing absolute poverty, China is still home to 55.75 million poor people in rural areas by the end of 2015 for targeted poverty reduction and development interventions. Rural poverty, in the meantime, is closely intertwined with malnutrition in all its forms from under nutrition, to micronutrient deficiencies and over nutrition. By the end of 2015, China was still home to 133.8 million of undernourished. The adult obesity rate was registered at 11.1% and the deficiency of Calcium, Iron and Vitamin A and D persisted.

FAO shall harness its technical excellence in the areas of rural people’s economic empowerment, social protection and decent rural employment to assist China in implementing the Targeted Poverty Reduction Scheme as put forward by the government.

FAO will support China to address specific challenges resulting from the complex interactions between rural population dynamics (aging, feminization of agriculture, youth skills-building, etc) and sustainable development, through analysis, policy advice, and the demonstration of innovative solutions. Special attention will be given to inclusive and equitable development of the most vulnerable groups.

Priority Area 3. Promoting one-health approach for sustainable agricultural and improved public

Priority Area 3. Promoting one-health approach for sustainable agricultural and improved public

Quality and safety of food products, the public health dimensions of animal diseases and trade issues remain a huge concern in China. While some progress is being made, there are still many problems to be solved in this regard. Over-application of fertilizers and pesticides, and misuse or overuse of veterinary drugs and feed additives have brought about numerous quality and safety hazards (although these inputs do lead to increased production when used judiciously). In addition to local outburst of pests and diseases, the movement of plant/animal and plant/animal products through both domestic and international trade can lead to the spread of pests and diseases that directly impact agricultural production, pose risks to the environment and can hinder trade. In recent years, pollution arising from industrial waste water and solid and municipal waste has risen dramatically and contaminated environment.

FAO promotes the “One Health” approach for sustainable agriculture and improved public health, aiming to manage and reduce the impact of animal and plant diseases and other public health threats, especially Transboundary Animal Diseases (TADs) and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), thus improving food safety, enhancing trade flows, and improving human health and nutrition. Interventions will take forms of multi-disciplinary action-oriented research, policy dialogue and regulation enforcement, governance mechanism, capacity strengthening, technical exchange, as well as development of community level strategies and action plans, which will assist china in strengthening national food control regulatory capacities and global trade facilitation, supporting science-based food safety governance and decisions, improving capacities in risk assessment, communication and management and enhancing food safety management along food chains.

Partnership with both national counterparts and international partners including OIE, WHO, UNEP, IAEA, IPPC and others will be strengthened.

Priority Area 4. Facilitating China's regional and international agriculture cooperation

Priority Area 4. Facilitating China's regional and international agriculture cooperation

China sets an example in the area of agricultural development and has accumulated a wealth of experience and techniques, including knowledge, good practices, policies, technology and resources, to share with the rest of the developing world.

Under the frameworks of 2030 Agenda, FAO’s Strategic Objectives, South-South Cooperation and the Belt and Road Initiative, FAO commits to facilitating dialogues, networking and mutual exchange of poverty reduction and food and nutrition security solutions between China and other developing countries in the world, to support achievement of the food and agriculture related targets for the SDGs.

FAO shall also support to develop pilot projects and innovative approaches in agriculture development and poverty reduction in close collaboration with government counterparts in China and interested nations in the region and across the globe. In this framework, FAO China will explore the possibility of establishing a Center for Agriculture Partnership and Innovation which aims to facilitate agricultural collaborations among the Belt and Road countries in addition to improve national agriculture production and capacities. Innovation labs on rural development and poverty reduction will also be established to bring together top expertise from Universities, think tanks, FAO and the government to catalyze, develop and disseminate innovations in the agricultural sector at all levels form local to global.