气候变化

Evidence-based decision-making for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Kyrgyz Republic


16/10/2019

A new draft report for the FAO Disaster Risk Reduction project in the Kyrgyz Republic compiles for the first time current and historical data on climate, emergencies, damage and the impact of natural hazards on the agriculture, forestry, fisheries and water sectors of in one document.   

This new reporting methodology facilitates evidence-based decision-making related to Disaster Risk Reduction and adaptation to climate change with the aim of enhancing food security in the country and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. 

The report falls under the project "Strengthening capacities for disaster risk reduction and preparedness for disasters in the agricultural sector of the Kyrgyz Republic" and is an annex to the regular biannual report on the socio-economic development and social protection of the population of the Uzgen district. 

On 4 October, Representatives from FAO Kyrgyzstan, the  Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Emergencies of the Kyrgyz Republic (MoES), the National Statistic Committee, Regional Center for Emergencies and Disaster Risk Reduction and other agencies met in  Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan to discuss the first results of the FAO project and the structure and content of the report.  

The report’s data was compiled from a variety of sources, including Global Earth Observation systems using FAO’s  Earth Map application and FAO Agriculture Stress Index System (ASIS) 

Through this first draft of the report several conclusions have already been drawn: 

  • There is a significant increase in air temperatures in winter and spring
  • Data from instrumental observations (gauging stations, weather stations) do not always coincide with the data from the emergency catalogue for the same period (Jan-June 2019).. 
  • Space observation data from Earth Map recorded a forest fire in the Uzgen district but  the Forestry Department and the Uzgen Forest Range reports, the MoES emergency catalogue and reports from local self-governance bodies in the area had no data on forest fires during that time.
  • Drought is also not fully reflected in emergency reporting. The MoES emergency catalogue (2000-2018) for Uzgen district recorded a single case of drought while ASIS data and  SPI calculation indicated  several cases. 

The first draft of the report (in Russian) was posted in advance on the websites of MoES, Ministry of Agriculture, UN Kyrgyzstan, CESDRR to have feedback prior to discussion and is still  available through the following links: