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Climate risk management

FAO strives to incorporate climate risk assessments and risk management into all agricultural projects and activities.

Climate risk management (CRM) is the use of climate information to identify, analyze and respond to climate-related risks to increase the resilience to threats and crises that affect agriculture, food and nutrition.

Climate risk in agriculture refers to the potential of climate-related hazards to have a negative impact on food production systems and the livelihoods of farmers, livestock herders, fishers and forest dwellers. Climate-related hazards include: changing precipitation patterns, climate variability, geographical redistribution of pests and disease and greater frequency of extreme events such as drought and flooding.

Climate risk screening is an initial, but essential step used by FAO to ensure that climate and disaster risks are assessed and that appropriate steps are identified for subsequent stages of project development, according to the Environmental and Social Risk Management Guidelines. 

Climate services are provided when climate information is distributed through an efficient delivery system for decision-making at farm and national level. Climate services include seasonal outlooks, drought forecasts, agroclimatic bulletins.

The successful use of climate services depends on CRM mechanisms such as early warning systems, dynamic resource-allocation rules, financial instruments, infrastructure design and capacity building.


Providing location-specific, timely and actionable information to millions of farmers operating in diverse conditions requires innovative solutions. FAO has a wide range of technical expertise and skills to assist countries and communities to assess and respond to climate risks through the use of innovative tools, guidance, capacity building, and implementation in the field. 

  • MOSAICC is an interdisciplinary approach to carry out climate change impact assessments aimed at building the capacity of national experts.
  • FAO’s Agricultural Stress Index System (ASIS) is an agricultural drought monitoring system that supports individual countries to monitor and manage agricultural drought and the risks it entails.
  • FAO partners closely with the World Meteorological Organization and co-authored the 2019 State of Climate Services report.