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Crop production

To cope with the challenges of climate change, crop production must adapt and become resilient to changes. In addition, crop production can contribute to mitigating climate change by reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, for example by more efficient use of land and water. In 2011, FAO launched Save and Grow as a new paradigm for intensive crop production that would enhance both productivity and sustainability.

Temperature increase, variability in rainfall and its distribution, and the rise in ocean water potentially have a significant effect on rice production. High atmospheric temperature could reduce rice yield in tropical climate areas, while variability in rainfall and its distribution could lead to more frequent and severe floods and droughts. These challenges can be addressed through practices such as Conservation Agriculture (CA), the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and saving water through Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD). These practices also contribute to reduce methane emissions.