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Изменение климата

Reducing Enteric Methane for improving food security and livelihoods

The Emissions intensity (Ei) of enteric methane (CH4) varies greatly across the globe. There are a number of ongoing efforts to generate more robust estimates of mitigation potential in the livestock sector. However, these efforts, are relatively new and fragmented and there is limited knowledge about the effectiveness and the applicability of mitigation measures over a range of regionally specific livestock production systems. In addition, there is a growing realisation that mitigation actions cannot be considered in isolation; true mitigation potential needs to consider ‘packages’ of actions assessed in terms of impacts on multiple gases and synergies or trade-offs between individual actions.

This project will complement existing initiatives to develop a complete picture of baseline emissions in beef production systems in South America (Argentina, Uruguay), and dairy production systems in East Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda), West Africa (Benin, Burkino Faso, Senegal, Mali, and Niger) and South Asia (Bangladesh, Sri Lanka) while gathering information on already existing low-cost or no-cost mitigation measures, the barriers to uptake and the economic costs of using the measures.  In order to identify the most effective package of measures that fit local farm systems, resources and capabilities, and to avoid inadvertent trade-offs.