FAO is a specialized UN agency with unique expertise in the three dimensions of sustainable development. FAO can support the implementation of a transformative 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that will see people interact harmoniously with the planet’s ecosystems and benefit from their services, maintaining and sustainably using biodiversity and all natural resources for present and future generations.
Healthy soils provide the largest store of terrestrial carbon. When managed sustainably, soils can play an important role in climate change mitigation by storing carbon (carbon sequestration) and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. Conversely, if soils are managed poorly or cultivated through unsustainable agricultural practices, soil carbon can be released into the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2), which can contribute to climate change. The steady conversion of grassland and forestland to cropland and grazing lands over the past several centuries has resulted in historic losses of soil carbon worldwide. However, by restoring degraded soils and adopting soil conservation practices, there is major potential to decrease the emission of greenhouse gases from agriculture, enhance carbon sequestration and build resilience to climate change.
This publication is a summary of the workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand from 18 to 20 June 2015 to promote the mainstreaming and up-scaling of Climate-Smart Agriculture in the region. Included in the report are successful case studies that agriculturists have been practicing as a means to address food security under adverse circumstances.
The FAO-IPCC-IFAD report summarizes the findings of a joint workshop held at FAO Headquarters on 13-14 November 2014. It provides information on access and use of FAO data and analysis tools for Agriculture, Forestry, and other Land Use (AFOLU), in support of national reporting processes under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), including greenhouse gas inventories, Biennial Update Reports, and national mitigation planning. Furthermore, the report usefully highlights country needs for new data and guidance for monitoring, reporting and verification of emerging activities in agriculture, forestry and land use, aimed at combating climate change in coming decades.