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Type: Publications
Year: 2017

Tracking adaptation progress at country level is increasingly recognized as an important element of climate change adaptation. The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, stresses the need to monitor and learn from adaptation actions, and recommends periodical stocktaking of the overall progress towards climate change adaptation.

Tracking progress towards climate change adaptation is a relatively recent yet rapidly expanding field. Several initiatives, guidelines and frameworks have been launched at the national and global level. However, the literature on adaptation tracking frameworks identifiescertain challenges and limitations with respect to their application in agricultural sectors (crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture). Though some of the tools are technically sound, their practical use is constrained by the absence of adequate baseline information. In addition, several frameworks and methods are project-specific, and can therefore contribute only partially to policymaking at the national level.

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

Building on FAO’s global study of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in the agriculture sectors, the Climate and Environment Division (CBC) is developing a series of regional-level analyses of the NDCs to identify the current commitments, gaps and opportunities for enhancing regional mitigation and adaptation ambitions in the agriculture sectors.  This report aims to guide FAO – and other international actors – committed to providing developing countries with the support required for implementing their NDCs and ensuring future commitments are transparent, quantifiable, comparable, verifiable and ambitious. 

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

This summary provides an overview of the second, digital edition of the Climate-Smart Agriculture Sourcebook. The new edition includes new findings, case studies and lessons learned. It also takes into account the changes in the landscape of international climate action since the original edition was published in 2013. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development – which encompasses the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, the Sustainable Development Goals and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda – provides an international framework for strong national actions and collective efforts to achieve sustainable development. Climate-smart agriculture, as an approach to achieve sustainable food and agriculture, has a vital role to play.

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

Livestock are key to food security: Meat, milk and eggs provide 34% of the protein consumed globally as well as essential micronutrients such as vitamin B12, A, iron, zinc, calcium and riboflavin. But their contribution to food security and nutrition goes well beyond that, and includes a range of other goods and services, such as animal manure and traction. Hundreds of millions of vulnerable people rely on livestock in a changing climate, because of animals’ ability to adapt to marginal conditions and withstand climate shocks.
Livestock products are also responsible for more greenhouse gases emissions than most other food sources. Emissions are caused by feed production, enteric fermentation, animal waste and landuse change.

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

The agriculture sectors in Eastern Africa represent a pivotal opportunity for simultaneously leveraging the mitigation potential of the region, while enhancing adaptive capacity and food security outcomes through a transition to more sustainable agriculture and land use. However, change will only come about if supported by appropriate policies, institutional arrangements, capacity development and finance mechanisms. By highlighting the gaps in the coverage of mitigation and adaptation actions in the agriculture sector, as well as illustrating opportunities for enhancing climate ambitions in the next round of NDCs, this analysis can serve as an important roadmap for directing future investment and international support toward low‑emission, climate‑resilient and inclusive agriculture systems in the region.

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