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Changement climatique

Publications

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

Building on FAO’s global study of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in the agriculture sectors, the Climate and Environment Division (CBC) is developing a series of regional-level analyses of the NDCs to identify the current commitments, gaps and opportunities for enhancing regional mitigation and adaptation ambitions in the agriculture sectors.  This report aims to guide FAO – and other international actors – committed to providing developing countries with the support required for implementing their NDCs and ensuring future commitments are transparent, quantifiable, comparable, verifiable and ambitious. 

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

Livestock are key to food security: Meat, milk and eggs provide 34% of the protein consumed globally as well as essential micronutrients such as vitamin B12, A, iron, zinc, calcium and riboflavin. But their contribution to food security and nutrition goes well beyond that, and includes a range of other goods and services, such as animal manure and traction. Hundreds of millions of vulnerable people rely on livestock in a changing climate, because of animals’ ability to adapt to marginal conditions and withstand climate shocks.
Livestock products are also responsible for more greenhouse gases emissions than most other food sources. Emissions are caused by feed production, enteric fermentation, animal waste and landuse change.

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

The agriculture sectors in Eastern Africa represent a pivotal opportunity for simultaneously leveraging the mitigation potential of the region, while enhancing adaptive capacity and food security outcomes through a transition to more sustainable agriculture and land use. However, change will only come about if supported by appropriate policies, institutional arrangements, capacity development and finance mechanisms. By highlighting the gaps in the coverage of mitigation and adaptation actions in the agriculture sector, as well as illustrating opportunities for enhancing climate ambitions in the next round of NDCs, this analysis can serve as an important roadmap for directing future investment and international support toward low‑emission, climate‑resilient and inclusive agriculture systems in the region.

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

This brief summarizes FAO’s analysis of NDCs and provides an overview of how the Organization, through policy processes, capacity development and technical interventions on the ground, supports the implementation of NDCs in the agriculture sectors. 

 

Type: Publications
Year: 2017

Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) is an approach to guide the management of agriculture in the era of climate change. The concept was first launched in 2009, and since then has been reshaped through inputs and interactions of multiple stakeholders involved in developing and implementing the concept. CSA aims to provide globally applicable principles on managing agriculture for food security under climate change that could provide a basis for policy support and recommendations by multilateral organizations, such as UN’s FAO. The major features of the CSA approach were developed in response to debates and controversies in climate change and agricultural policy for sustainable development. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the evolution of CSA, introduce its major components, and summarize the key debates associated with it within the context of climate change and agricultural policy debates The first section provides an overview of international climate change policy followed by an introduction and analysis of CSA and its history. This is then followed by a discussion of three broad controversies related to CSA, namely the role of mitigation, the relationship of CSA to sustainable agriculture, and way biotechnology is treated in the CSA approach.