气候变化

作为一个知识型组织,粮农组织利用其项目和方案的最新成果及实用的能力开发工具生产了各种各样的产品。它还提供了一系列涉及与粮食安全与气候变化之间联系的软件和数据库。

出版物

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

This document provides a conceptual framework and standard methodologies for the monitoring, reporting and verification of changes in SOC stocks and GHG emissions/removals from agricultural projects that adopt sustainable soil management practices (SSM) at farm level. It is intended to be applied in different agricultural lands, including annual and perennial crops (food, fibre, forage and bioenergy crops), paddy rice, grazing lands with livestock including pastures, grasslands, rangelands, shrublands, silvopasture and agroforestry. Although developed for projects carried out at farm level, potential users include investors, research institutions, government agencies, consultants, agricultural companies, NGOs, individual farmers or farmer associations, supply chain and other users who are interested in measuring and estimating SOC stocks and changes and GHG emissions in response to management practices.

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

Climate change is causing unprecedented damage to our ecosystem. Increasing temperatures, ocean warming and acidification, severe droughts, wildfires, altered precipitation patterns, melting glaciers, rising sea levels and amplification of extreme weather events have direct implications for our food systems. While the impacts of such environmental factors on food security are well known, the effects on food safety receive less attention. The purpose of Climate change: Unpacking the burden on food safety is to identify and attempt to quantify some current and anticipated food safety issues that are associated with climate change. The food safety hazards considered in the publication are foodborne pathogens and parasites, harmful algal blooms, pesticides, mycotoxins and heavy metals with emphasis on methylmercury.

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

全球有超过7.5亿贫困人口主要依靠畜牧为生。本宣传册认为,改善动物卫生应成为气候变化背景下实现粮食安全和可持续发展战略的一个组成部分。 

首先,考虑到大多数新发疾病源于动物,应降低气候变化对动物卫生和病原体传播的影响。其次,减缓气候变化,因为越健康的动物,生产力更高,其单位重量产品的排放量更低。第三,适应气候变化,动物比农作物更能适应边际环境和抵御气候冲击。

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

This analysis aims to summarize the views submitted on KJWA topics  2(d) that were discussed during the SB 51 in December 2019, namely: Topic 2(d) - Nutrient use and manure management. The analysis intends to make the wide range of views submitted more easily accessible to those interested, including to Parties and observers to the UNFCCC, but also experts working on climate change more generally, as well as interested members of the public.

Type: Publications
Year: 2020

The Technical Advisory Group (TAG) on biodiversity, hereafter called Biodiversity TAG, is composed of 25 international experts in ecology, biodiversity indicators, agronomy, life cycle assessment, livestock production systems, and environmental science. Their backgrounds, complementary between systems and regions, allowed them to understand and address different perspectives. 

The aim of the methodology developed in these guidelines is to introduce a harmonized international approach for assessing the impacts of livestock on biodiversity. The livestock sector is a major user of natural resources (land in particular) and an important contributor to pollution (e.g. causing nutrient losses, increasing greenhouse gas emissions), which makes it one of the sectors with the highest impact on biodiversity. At the same time, livestock production is one of the few sectors with not only negative but also positive impacts on biodiversity; therefore, the sector can pull two levers to improve its biodiversity performance – mitigate harm and maximize benefits.