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Climate-smart livestock production

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Abdallah, S. E., & Basiouny, M. A. 2012. Evaluating the performance of a bulk-milk cooler on a dairy farm. AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 43(3) : 22–31.

Abdela, N. & Jilo, K. 2016. Impact of climate change on livestock health: a review. Global Veterinaria, 16(5): 419-424.

Ashley, C. & Carney, D. 1999. Sustainable Livelihoods: Lessons from early experience. London: Department for International Development.

Aydinalp, C. & Cresser, M.S. 2008. The effects of global climate change on agriculture. American-Eurasian journal of agricultural and environmental science, 3: 672-676.

Bannink, A., Smits, M.C.J., Kebreab, E., Mills, J.A.N., Ellis, J.L , Klop, A., France, J. & Dijkstra, J. 2010. Simulating the effects of grassland management and grass ensiling on methane emission from lactating cows. Journal of agricultural science, 148: 55-72.

Barrett, C.B., Carter, M.R., McPeak, J. & Mude, A. 2008. Altering poverty dynamics with index 608 insurance: Northern Kenya’s HSNP+. BASIS brief 2008-08. Madison, USA, University of Wisconsin.

Baylis, M. & Githeko, A.K. 2006. The effects of climate change on infectious diseases of animals. Report for the Foresight Project on Detection of Infectious Diseases, Department of Trade and Industry, UK Government.

Bentley, D. & Hegarty, R. 2008. Managing livestock enterprises in Australia’s extensive rangelands for greenhouse gas and environmental outcomes: a pastoral company perspective. Australian journal of experimental agriculture, 48: 60-64.

Blackburn, J.K., McNyset, K.M., Curtis, A. & Hugh-Jones, M.E. 2007. Modeling the geographic distribution of Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax disease, for the contiguous United States using predictive ecological [corrected] niche modeling. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(6): 1103-10.

Both, C., Bouwhuis, S., Lessells, C.M. & Visser, M.E. 2006. Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird. Nature, 441: 81-83.

Burke, M.B., Lobell, D.B. & Guarino, L. 2009. Shifts in African crop climates by 2050, and the implications for crop improvements and genetic resources conservation. Global Environment Change, 19: 317-325.

Chuncho, G. 2010. Análisis de la percepción y medidas de adaptación al cambio climático que implementan en la época seca los productores de leche en Río Blanco y Paiwas, Nicaragua. CATIE, Turrialba, CR. 170 pp. (MSc. Thesis)

Conant, R.T, Paustian, K., Del Grosso, S.J. & Parton, W.J. 2005. Nitrogen pools and fluxes in grassland soils sequestering carbon. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 71: 239-248.

Conant, R.T. & Paustian, K. 2002. Soil carbon sequestration in overgrazed grassland ecosystems. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16: 1143.

Derner, J.D. & Schuman, G.E. 2007. Carbon sequestration and rangelands - a synthesis of land management and precipitation effects. Journal Soil and Water Conservation, 62: 77-85.

Eagle, A.J., Olander, L.P., Henry, L.R., Haugen-Kozyra, K., Millar, N. & Robertson, G.P. 2012. Greenhouse gas mitigation potential of agricultural land management in the United States: a synthesis of literature. Report NI R 10-04. 3th ed. Durham, USA, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University.

European Biomass Association (AEBIOM). 2009. European Biomass Association

FAO, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) & World Health Organization (WHO). 2015. Africa. El Niño and increased risk of Rift Valley fever. Warning to countries. EMPRES WATCH. Vol. 34. December 2015. Rome. Contributors: Claudia Pittiglio, Julio Pinto, Susanne Münstermann, Pierre Formenty, Juan Lubroth, Stephane de la Rocque, Eran Raizman, Daniel Beltran-Alcrudo.

FAO. 2006. Livestock’s long shadow: environmental issues and options. Rome.

FAO. 2009. State of food and agriculture - livestock in the balance. Rome.

FAO. 2010a. Climate-smart agriculture: policies, practices and financing for food security, adaptation and mitigation. Report prepared for The Hague Conference on Agriculture, Food Security, and Climate Change. Rome.

FAO. 2010b. Livestock Waste Management in East Asia Project. Rome.

FAO. 2011a. Global food losses and food waste - Extent, causes and prevention. Rome.

FAO. 2011b. World livestock 2011 - livestock in food security. Rome.

FAO. 2012. Livestock sector development for poverty reduction: an economic and policy perspective – Livestock’s many virtues, by J. Otte, A. Costales, J. Dijkman, U. Pica-Ciamarra, T. Robinson, V. Ahuja, C. Ly and D. Roland-Holst. Rome, pp. 161.

FAO. 2013a. Greenhouse gas emissions from ruminant supply chains - a global life cycle assessment. Rome.

FAO. 2013b. Greenhouse gas emissions from pig and chicken supply chains - a global life cycle assessment. Rome.

FAO. 2013c. Climate smart agriculture sourcebook. Rome

FAO. 2015. The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, edited by B.D. Scherf & D. Pilling. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments. Rome.

FAO. 2016a. A review of indicators and methods to assess biodiversity – Application to livestock production at global scale. Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership. FAO, Rome, Italy.

FAO. 2016b. Principles for the assessment of livestock impacts on biodiversity. Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership. Rome.

FAO. 2017a. H5N8 HPAI in Uganda Further Spread in Uganda and Neighbouring Countries. FAO Animal Health Risk Analysis - Assessment. Issue No. 2. Rome, FAO. Contributors: Paolo Calistri, Silvia Kreindel, Elisa Palamara, Julio Pinto, Claudia Pittiglio.

FAO. 2017b. Global Animal Disease Intelligence Report. No. 5. Rome.

FAO. 2017c. Google Earth Engine Adoption Status Report. FAO technical document.

Fernandes, R. 2009. Liquid Milk Products. Microbiology Handbook. Dairy Products.

Follett, R.F. & Reed, D. 2010. Soil carbon sequestration in grazing lands, societal benefits and policy implications. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 63: 4-15.

Gebresenbet, G., & Kaumbutho, P.G. 1997. Comparative analysis of the field performances of a reversible animal-drawn prototype and conventional mouldboard ploughs pulled by a single donkey. Soil and Tillage Research, 40(3): 169-183.

Gerber, P., Vellinga, T., Opio, C., & Steinfeld, H. 2011. Productivity gains and greenhouse gas intensity in dairy systems. Livestock Science, 139: 100-108.

Gerber, Pierre J., Carsjens, Gerrit J.; Pak-uthai, Thanee and Robinson, Timothy P. 2008. Decision support for spatially targeted livestock policies: Diverse examples from Uganda and Thailand. Agricultural Systems, 96(1-3): 37-51.

Gill, M.P., Smith, P. & Wilkinson, J.M. 2009. Mitigating climate change: the role of domestic livestock. Animal, 4(3): 321—322.

Hellmuth, M.E., Moorhead, A., Thomson, M. & Williams, J. 2007. Climate risk management in Africa: learning from practice. Climate and Society. No. 1. Palisades, NY, the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI).

Hoffman, M.T. & Vogel, C. 2008. Climate change impacts on African rangelands. Rangelands, 30: 12-17.

Holechek, J.L., Pieper, R.D. & Herbel, C.H. 1989. Range management: principles and practices. New Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall.

Hurlbert, A.H. & Liang, Z. 2012. Spatiotemporal Variation in Avian Migration Phenology: Citizen Science Reveals Effects of Climate Change. PLOS ONE 7, e31662.

International Centre for Environmental Management (ICEM). 2013. USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation on Livestock. Prepared for the United States Agency for International Development by ICEM.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2007. Climate Change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC, M.L. Parry, O.F. Canziani, J.P. Palutikof, P.J. van der Linden and C.E. Hanson, eds. Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press. 976 pp.

IPCC. 2013: Annex III: Glossary [Planton, S. (ed.)]. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T. F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P. M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1447–1466, doi:10.1017/CBO9781107415324.031.

IPCC. 2014. Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: Global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. C.B. Field, V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K.L. Ebi, Y.O. Estrada, R.C. Genova, B. Girma, E.S. Kissel, A.N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P.R. Mastrandrea & L.L. White, eds. Cambridge, UK, and New York, USA, Cambridge University Press. 1132 p.

Jones, K.E., Patel, N.G., Levy, M.A., Storeygard, A., Balk, D., Gittleman, J.L., Daszak, P. 2008. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature, 451: 990–994. 

Jones P.G., Thornton P.K. 2009. Croppers to livestock keepers: livelihood transitions to 2050 in Africa due to climate change. Environmental Science and Policy, 12 (4): 427-437.

Kleijn, D., Kohler, F., Báldi, A., Batáry, P., Concepción, E.D., Clough, Y., Díaz, M., Gabriel, D., Holzschuh, A., Knop, E., Kovács, A., Marshall, E.J.P., Tscharntke, T. & Verhulst, J. 2009. On the relationship between farmland biodiversity and land-use intensity in Europe. Proceedings. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological sciences, 276: 903–9.

Kurukulasuriya, P. & Rosenthal, S. 2003. Climate change and agriculture: a review of impacts and adaptations. Climate Change Series Paper No. 91. Washington D.C., World Bank.

Lubroth, J. 2012. Climate change and animal health. In A. Meybeck, J. Lankoski, S. Redfern, N. Azzu & V. Gitz, eds. Building resilience for adaptation to climate change in the agriculture sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop 23-24 April 2012. pp 63-70. 

Morton, J.F. 2007. The impact of climate change on smallholder and subsistence agriculture. PNAS, 104: 19680- 19685.

Mude, A. 2009. Index-based livestock insurance for northern Kenya’s arid and semi-arid lands: the Marsabit pilot. Project document. ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya. 14 pp.

Nair, P.K.R. & Nair, V.D. 2003. Carbon storage in North Amercian agroforestry systems. In J.M Kimble, L.S Heath, R.A. Birdsey, & R. Lal, eds. The potential of US forests to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. Boca Raton, CRC Press. pp 333-346.

Patassi, A.A., Saka, B., Landoh, D.E., Agbenoko, K., Tamekloe, T. & Salmon-Ceron, D. 2016. Detection and management of the first human anthrax outbreak in Togo. Trop Doct, 46(3): 129-34.

Paz, S. 2015. Climate change impacts on West Nile virus transmission in a global context. Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society B, 370.

Peterson, A.T. 2006. Ecologic Niche Modeling and Spatial Patterns of Disease Transmission. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22(12): 1822-1826

Pinto, J., Bonacic, C., Hamilton-West, C., Romero, J. & Lubroth, J. 2008. Climate change and animal diseases in South America. Revue Scientifique et Technique, 27(2): 599-613.

Randolph, S.E. 2008. Dynamics of tick-borne disease systems: minor role of recent climate change. Revue Scientifique et Technique. International Office of Epizootics, 27: 367-381.

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Rice, C.W., Owensby, C.E. 2001. Effects of fire and grazing on soil carbon in rangelands. In: Follet R, Kimble J.M, Lal R, editors. The potential of U.S. grazing lands to sequester carbon and mitigate the greenhouse effect. Lewis, Boca Raton. pp. 323–342.

Rolfe, J. 2010. Economics of reducing grazing emissions from beef cattle in extensive grazing systems in Queensland. The Rangeland Journal, 32: 197-204.

Scoones, I. 1996. Living With Uncertainty: New Directions in Pastoral Development in Africa. London: Intermediate Technology Publications.

Sidahmed, A. 2008. Livestock and climate change: coping and risk management strategies for a sustainable future. Livestock and Global Climate Change conference proceeding, Tunisia.

Skees. J.R. & Enkh-Amgala, A. 2002. Examining the feasibility of livestock insurance in Mongolia. Policy Research Working Paper 2886. Washington D.C., World Bank.

Smith P., Martino D., Cai Z., Gwary D., Janzen H., Kumar P., McCarl B., Ogle S., O’Mara F., Rice C., Scholes B. & Sirotenko O. 2007. Agriculture. In B. Metz, OR. Davidson, PR. Bosch, R. Dave and L.A. Meyer, eds. Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, USA.

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Thornton, P.K., Boone, R.B. & Ramirez-Villegas, J. 2015. Climate change impacts on livestock. CGIAR Research program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Working Paper No. 120.

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