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Eastern Africa

The Mitigation of Climate-Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme carried out two pilot projects in East Africa to provide evidence that climate-smart agricultural practices can mitigate climate change, improve farmers’ livelihoods and make local communities better able to adapt to climate change.

United Republic of Tanzania

In the United Republic of Tanzania’s Uluguru Mountains, the MICCA pilot project was carried out within CARE International’s hillside conservation agriculture project (HICAP), in which soil conservation and zero tillage practices were integrated into smallholders’ farm management as climate-smart solutions. MICCA's activities were carried out over an area of 17 000 ha and involved nearly 4 000 households. The project contributed to increasing the use of conservation agriculture practices and combined these practices with agroforestry,soli and water conservation and improved cook stoves.


In Kenya, the MICCA pilot project team worked with smallholder dairy producers in the Rift Valley. The pilot project was undertaken within the framework of the East Africa Dairy Development Project (EADD) with the goal of helping 179 000 small holder farmers through the more profitable production and marketing of milk.

In close collaboration with the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), MICCA and smallholder dairy producers used life cycle assessments and other approaches to test technical alternatives to improve the productivity and reduce the greenhouse gases from the integrated dairy production system. To support farmers in raising climate-smart cattle and to improve the overall greenhouse gas balance of farming systems, the project looked at ways to enhance fodder production, improving manure and livestock management systems to produce fertilizer and biogas and reduce the GHG emissions from farm systems.