This report provides an overview of the characteristics and main activities of the projects that are being implemented as part of the second project portfolio of the Benefit-sharing Fund (BSF) of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. The aim of this booklet is to give a general overview of the second project portfolio (22 projects currently implemented in 33 countries across Africa, Asia, Near East, Latin America and the Caribbean) as well as to share achievements, best practices and lessons learned during its midterm phase of implementation.
This FAO report provides comprehensive knowledge on the regional and sectoral distribution of anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) activities. The data can be freely accessed through the FAOSTAT Emissions database. The FAO GHG data are an integral part of the Working Group III contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The new analysis highlights the role of agriculture in climate change in relation to crop and livestock production, deforestation and peatland degradation.
This paper reviews site-specific research on the economic and climate impacts in the northern mountainous region (NMR) of Vietnam. It also looks at research on the barriers to the adoption of agroforestry and sustainable land management in the region. The aim is to identify knowledge gaps that need to be addressed so that evidence-based agricultural development policy can be implemented in the region.
Responsible management practices can help to maintain peatland ecosystem services while sustaining and improving local livelihoods. This recent FAO publication gives guidance on responsible peatland management practices, supporting the reduction of GHG emissions from managed peatlands. This overview of current knowledge on peatlands, includes data related to their geographic distribution, ecological characteristics and socio-economic importance. The guide has been written to assist land managers and other decision makers. It documents case studies of responsible management practices: rewetting, paludiculture, degraded pasture restoration and forestry in all climatic regions.
The adoption of CSA practices is limited in many areas in sub-Saharan Africa and a number of barriers to adoption have been identified. Property rights and tenure security can affect the adoption of CSA. This paper discusses the key characteristics of four CSA practices related to sustainable land management. It provides a conceptual framework for evaluating the pathways by which expanding property rights and strengthening tenure security affects the incentives to adopt new technologies and then applies this framework to each of the four CSA practices.