Agriculture

© FAO/19655/G. BizzarriCes dernières décennies, l’impact du changement climatique et sa variabilité ont mis en alerte le monde économique, menaçant les moyens d’existence de nombreuses populations.  Le changement climatique a accéléré les pressions sur l’environnement, les systèmes de production mis en place il y a bien longtemps ont été déstabilisés et le stress abiotique (stockage de l’eau, salinité, aridité et chaleur) s’est amplifié, compte tenu également de la demande soutenue d’aliments.  Par conséquent, le changement climatique et l’augmentation de l’incidence des phénomènes extrêmes associés au climat sont susceptibles d’exacerber la vulnérabilité des populations déjà victimes d’insécurité alimentaire, par manque de moyens de compensation.   La mitigation et l’adaptation au changement climatique doivent être abordées de façon holistique au moyen de stratégies intégrées.

La FAO aide les États membres à atteindre des objectifs intégrés:

  • garantir que tous les êtres humains peuvent à tout moment jouir d’une nutrition suffisante et d’une sécurité alimentaire;
  • réduire de moitié le nombre de personnes sous-alimentées d’ici à 2015;
  • la contribution continue à l’agriculture et au développement rural durables;
  • la conservation, valorisation et utilisation durable des ressources naturelles pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture.

Publications

“Climate-Smart” Agriculture 1 December 2010 This paper examines some of the key technical, institutional, policy and financial responses required to achieve climate-smart agriculture which sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes Greenhouse Gases (mitigation), and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals. Building on case studies from the field, the paper outlines a range of practices, approaches and tools aimed at increasing the resilience and productivity of agricultural production systems, while also reducing and removing emissions. The second part of the paper surveys institutional and policy options available to promote the transition to climate‐smart agriculture at the smallholder level. Finally, the paper considers current financing gaps and makes innovative suggestions regarding the combined use of different sources, financing mechanisms and delivery systems. [more]
Integrated Crop Management Vol. 9 - 2010 - Challenges and opportunities for carbon sequestration in grassland systems 22 October 2010 Practices that sequester carbon in grasslands can enhance productivity, and policies designed to encourage these practices could lead to near-term dividends in greater forage production and enhanced producer incomes. This report reviews the current status of opportunities and challenges for grassland carbon sequestration and identifies components that could foster the inclusion of grasslands in future climate agreements to enhance longer term adaptation to climate variability. It includes a policy brief to assist policy-makers in their development plans. [more]
FAO. 2009. Low Greenhouse Gas Agriculture. Mitigation and adaptation potential of sustainable farming systems 11 January 2010 Is low greenhouse gas emission (GHG) agriculture possible? Is it, in fact, desirable? In seeking answers to these two basic but extremely relevant questions, this study examines current farming practices and incorporates scientific databases from long‑term field experiments as case studies for low GHG agriculture. Further, the study examines the changes that will be needed for low greenhouse gas agriculture systems to become a reality. [more]
FAO. 2009. Seed Security for Food Security in the Light of Climate Change and Soaring Food Prices: Challenges and Opportunities 11 January 2010 Seed is one of the most crucial elements in the livelihoods of agricultural communities. It is the repository of the genetic potential of crop species and their varieties resulting from thecontinual improvement and selection process over time. The potential benefits from increasing the use of quality seeds of a diverse range of crop varieties by farmers are widely acknowledged as it increases food security through improved crop productivity. [more]


dernière mise à jour:  mercredi 5 décembre 2012