Gender-Sensitive Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Drawing on Indian Farmers' Experiences

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) and local Indian institutions in Andhra Pradesh addressed the gender aspects of coping with climate variability and long-term change in the project Gender-sensitive Strategies for Adaptation to Climate Change: Drawing on Indian Farmers’ Experiences.

The project captured how men and women farmers in drought-prone districts perceived and responded to seasonal climate variability and long term changes in the climate. Participatory focus group discussions and a quantitative survey were used to collect the data. The farmers’ accounts, combined with institutional and climate analysis, explored the climate risks men and women farmers are facing as they adapt to the drought conditions and develop coping strategies for food security.

Final project report is now available for download: Farmers in a Changing Climate: Does Gender Matter? Food Security in Andhra Pradesh, India

© E. L. F. Schipper

Project objectives

(1) To characterize the local climate conditions and risks, to identify trends in climate variability over the past four decades (according to recorded data); to compare how recorded data corresponds to men and women farmers’ perceptions.

(2) To understand how men and women in farm households perceive and experience climatic shifts and how this is linked to food security.

(3) To identify the coping strategies that men and women farmers utilize in order to ensure a measure of food security in response to climate variability; to understand the resources and decision making processes utilized, and to assess the related outcomes for food security.

(4) To identify the institutions that support farmer decision making with regard to climate, agriculture and food security and to assess the extent to which institutional support is available, accessible and usable by men and women.

(5) To develop a replicable methodology for examining the gender dimensions of farmer responses to climatic variability and change.

Collaborating Organizations

Samatha Gender Resource Centre (SGRC), a unit of Andhra Pradesh Mahila Samatha Society, partnered on village- and household-level research.

Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University (ANGRAU) provided climate data.

Project duration

May 2008 – August 2010

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Yianna Lambrou, Project Coordinator and Senior Officer
Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), Rome, Italy 

For more on FAO's work on gender, see the FAO gender website.

last updated:  Thursday, October 7, 2010