Gender and Climate Change in India
© F. Mancini
The project was led by the Gender, Equity and Rural Employment Division at FAO Headquarters, in collaboration with a multi-disciplinary team composed of FAO staff in Rome and India and independent gender and agriculture development experts based in India, as well as at Monash University, Australia; Penn State University, USA; and Stockholm Environment Institute, Bangkok. Two institutions based in Andhra Pradesh, an agricultural university (ANGRAU) and a government women’s empowerment programme (Samatha Gender Resource Centre of AP Mahila Samakhya Society), collaborated on the data collection phases.
Locally engaged consultants with experience in the state and the ecosystem challenges carried out fieldwork in 2 drought-prone districts (Mahabubnagar and Anantapur), collecting qualitative and quantitative data through participatory approaches with farmers and a survey tool. This, combined with analyses of the institutional context and of recorded climate trends, were used to document the climate risks men and women farmers are facing in ensuring food security and the strategies they develop in order to cope with the new factors that now threaten their established livelihoods.
The research was designed to contribute new knowledge on how livelihoods are adjusted at the household and individual level and identify coping strategies that are developed for food security in response to climatic shifts. The methodology developed through this study as well as the case study material will be provided to policy and decision makers at a crucial point in the climate change negotiations, particularly on adaptation to long term climate change.