Climate Change Adaptation in the tropical Andes
Natural disasters worldwide have produced countless human losses, especially in recent decades, affecting mainly agricultural production and Bolivia is one of the countries of the region strongly affected. Due to the combination of causes and sources of natural and man-made hazards that cause damage to the main productive activities, this documents analyzes good practices in the region that have been identified and systematized which manage to reduce or prevent different levels of damage.
Climate change is a concern for small farmers who are in the Bolivian highlands, affecting their livelihoods. For this, practical measures are required for prevention and mitigation of damage caused by extreme climatic events (frost, drought, hailstorms and floods), a requirement which can be summarized as the need for an agricultural risk management, as these two activities are the basis for food security and incomes of small farmers living in daily risk. In this context, this document presents the systematization of the most successful local practices, presenting the economic and institutional frameworks I which they are implemented.
In 2006, the Tungurahua volcano began its latest eruption processes, affecting some 30,000 people. This document systematizes the good practices at the community level for risk management of natural and man-made disasters that affect the food security of communities vulnerable to the Tungurahua. This systematization is an analytical reconstruction process, both from an institutional perspective, as well as a socila perspective on the capacities of members of a society or community, in this case farmers, to face shocks and hazards, preventing and minimizing the damage, mitigating the effects of adverse events to ensure the provision of food and agricultural production.
The use of renewable natural resources and watersheds in Ecuador can be characterized largely spontaneous or based on the need to use a particular resource, but not for a planned process, although this is changing now. In the Napo River Basin, which is the most important means of transportation in the Ecuadorian Amazon, it is possible to identify concrete actions for land management with the purpose optimizing planning and fostering development.
This document systematizes the good practices at community level in preparation for natural disasters affecting the food security in the Chone river watershed and provides an overview of practices thropught the upper, middle and low parts of the watershed. In the lower part, with the restoration of the mangrove ecosystem through community management of the Corazon and Fragata islands, in the middle part of the watershed, focusing on the increasing of resilience in the silvopastoral system and finally, in the upper part of the watershed, with the cultivation of fruit trees.
Farmers in the rural communities of Cuyuni and Jullicunca, in Cusco, as well as those of the communities of Taype and Janac Ayllu Escalera in Puno, act considering productive relationships, their environment and their experiences in the community. This document systematizes some good practices of natural resources management, as sustainable farming and forestry techniques have been introduced, which replace migratory and predatory agriculture. These techniques are sustainable at the environmental, economic and social levels in the context of climate change, and include good practices such as forestry and agroforestry systems, management of seed potato and integrated crop management among others.
Natural resources management practices in the districts of Ccatca, Ocongate and Carhuayo, in Cusco introduced by the National Watershed Management and Soil Conservation Programme (PRONAMACHCS) are experiences of natural disaster prevention replicable in areas with similar ecosystems in the Andean region of Peru. This document systematizes the experience of slow formation terraces, with the aim of controlling erosion, improve soil fertility and incorporate new areas for agriculture, guaranteeing both food and economic sustainability in the household.