Climate Risk Management in Nepal
The project was implemented in districts located in the mid-hill and terai regions of Nepal. Arghakhanchi and Udayapur Districts represented the mid hill, while Kapilvastu and Siraha Districts represented Tarai districts. The mid-hill districts have a varied ecology, with tropical to subtropical climate in southern Churia hills and plains, and mild temperate type of climate in mid-hills; while in the high hills, the temperate climate is dominant. About 15-26 percent of the total land is cultivable in the midhill districts. The forest coverage ranges from 41-72 percent. The maximum temperature is 34° Celsius to minimum 4° Celsius. The total average rainfall is 1,260 mm with 85% humidity. The irrigation facilities are very poor.
The projects attended four gaps identified: firstly, they supported the building up of institutional and technical capacities of the MoAC at national and district levels, in particular within its line agencies DoA and DoL to address in a proactive way climate risk management and disaster prevention/preparedness related issues from an agricultural perspective, including the emerging challenges of adaptation to climate change. The new strategy for DRM provides for the first time in Nepal an institutional framework which recognizes the important role of agriculture in DRM. Until now, the agriculture sector did not have any formal mandate related to disaster risk prevention or preparedness. Building institutional and technical capacity within MoAC related to climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation will also provide a comparative advantage to better represent the agriculture sector in National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) facilitated by the MoEST.