Climate change and food security in Nicaragua
Addressing the linkages between climate change and vulnerability to food insecurity
Between 1971 and 2010, the average temperature in Nicaragua increased by 1.1 degrees Celsius and has become increasingly unpredictable, with large swings from year to year. In rural Nicaragua, 25% of farming households are extremely poor, while experiencing chronic or temporary food insecurity. A significant proportion of their income is generated through farming (more than 50% on average) and agriculture is almost completely rain-fed, with less than 2% of households reporting the use of irrigation. In this context, the impact of global warming could be severe. It is therefore important to be able to assess the likely impacts of rising temperatures on food security and use this understanding to inform policy nd decision makers.
With the support of the FAO Multidonor Partnership Programme, a methodological framework to address the linkages between climate change and vulnerability to food insecurity is being developed and tested in Nicaragua. The purpose is to bridge the gap between analysis of climate change impacts on food security and policy-making. The project seeks to downscale the broad and global climate change agenda at the local level and engage policy makers to better address the impact of climate change on food security at household level.