Land tenure issues and requirements for implementing climate change mitigation policies in the forestry and agriculture sectors
Representing more than 30% of global greenhouse gas emissions, the forestry and agriculture sectors have substantial mitigation potential. Their inclusion in a post-2012 climate change agreement is therefore vital, and as a response, enabling mechanisms are developing very quickly.
However, one prerequisite for positive impacts of these mechanisms on poverty reduction and food security is the issue of land and resource tenure. Climate change mitigation policies that concern forestry and agriculture sectors and build on payment for environmental services (PES) schemes will have to address land and resource tenure in order to foresee, plan and distribute risks and benefits of the mechanisms. Introducing payment schemes without a clear understanding of who is – or should be – entitled to the benefits and responsible for the costs can potentially endanger resource access for vulnerable communities as well as deterring investments. On the other hand, land tenure governance that provides secure access to land for local communities provides stability that facilitates long‐term planning and investments across scales, from household level farm development to international agreements.
An expert meeting was held on 15-17 November, 2010 to discuss three themes on this topic (see concept note). The meeting was co-ooganized by the UN-REDD programme, the MICCA project and the Land Tenure team developing the Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land and other Natural Resources.
Identify, review and raise awareness of key land and resource tenure issues and requirements to be addressed for implementing climate change mitigation policies (including REDD+) in the forestry and agriculture sectors.
Provide substantive inputs on linkages between tenure and climate change mitigation for the work on Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land and other Natural Resources.