Climate Change Adaptation in the tropical Andes
The good practices systematized in the context of project TCP/RLA/3112 (TCP/RLA/3217) are good practices of natural resource management and institutional strengthening for disaster risk management in the context of climate change. In this sense, the practices go beyond the "strictly agricultural aspects”, demonstrating the decisive role played by institutional and social factors in their implementation, ensuring not only an optimization in the management of local natural resources, but its sustainability through time. The practices were selected by the communities themselves, which validated and adopted as important strategies in the context of climate change.
The activities of documentation and systematization of good practices in the different countries were carried out on projects in their initial phase, or implementation stage, and which covered are of interest for this project. This strategy, called "piggy-backing", allowed to derive, analyze and systematize lessons in the four countries that constituted essential inputs to the formulation of policy briefs
In recent years, rainfall in the area of Beni has become more frequent and intense, causing an increased flow of major rivers which provokes floods. In addition to climatic factors, the practice of poor agricultural practices, such as uncontrolled burning adversely affect soil fertility and agricultural production and productivity. To address this situation, local communities are recurring to experiences from the past, when pre-Hispanic indigenous peoples inhabiting the Bolivian Amazon developed a complex system of agriculture.
RISK MANAGEMENT UNITS (Document in Spanish)
The Tungurahua volcano, in the central highlands of Ecuador is one of the most active in the northern Andes. In May 2006 there was an increase in the activity. To address this situation, organizations responsible for emergency situations proposed a pilot project for the establishment of the Risk Management Units to coordinate and integrate the management of the emergency and recovery phases.
CREDIT AS A RISK REDUCTION STRATEGY (Document in Spanish)
The economic impact of the eruption of the Tungurahua volcano in 2006 was estimated at $ 26 million, just in the agriculture sector. After the event, some NGOs initiated working on the rehabilitation of the local economy in the agriculture sector. In this context, community banks were established to support micro and small business of local producers that could not qualify to regular credits.
Camelids are an important financial and food resource in the Andean region. For that reason, it is necessary to avoid problems, such as diseases due to viruses or parasites. Traditionally, these diseases were treated using home-made remedies prepared from wild herbs and the knowledge that is inherited from past generations. However, these practices have certain limitations due to their late and limited effectiveness. Currently, producers prevent and control disease through the use of gastrointestinal drugs with the help of veterinary promoters.
SHELTERS (Document in Spanish)
In the high Andes of Peru, the adverse weather conditions has negative implications for alpaca breeders, as the young are vulnerable to various diseases caused by cold weather. In this situation, communities adopted the construction of structures to protect animals, especially at night and during particularly severe climatic conditions. These structures have proven effective in protecting animals, and particularly the young.