Good Practice Options for Disaster Risk Reduction

The project field tested and demonstrated various good practice options for DRR in the villages of Concepcion, Santa Martha and Calla Creek. Good practice options support sustainable livelihoods, along with criteria to build climate resilience ensures the sustainable development of farming systems.

Description of Option

Hazard

addressed

Dairy cattle management
Dairy cattle management was integrated into farming with the shifting of crop production from the rainy into the dry period using irrigation. By doing this exposure of crops to hurricanes is avoided. It diversifies risks and provides additional income.

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Drought, floods and hurricanes

Improved supplementary forage
Small livestock farmers with limited land resources encounter difficulties during dry seasons and drought spells when forages are scarce. Supplementary feeding is needed. Mombassa grass was tested as the main forage in combination with Cameroon grass, sugarcane, Nacadero, and Mulberry (all grasses chopped except Mulberry) as secondary forages, for cattle and goats. Even during the wet season when forages appear abundant, supplementary feeding is recommended, as the forages are low in fiber.

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Drought, high rainfall and floods

Drip irrigation for vegetable production
The shifting of crop production, mainly vegetables such as tomatoes, cabbages, sweet peppers, using drip irrigation, to the dry period during which crops were not exposed to hurricanes. The lands on which the crops were produced were previously unused and in this way an extra cropping season was gained.

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Drought and periods of low rainfall

Local fowl production as a disaster risk mitigation measure
Local fowl enhancement supports food security. It provides a source of protein in terms of eggs and meat over the year and has specific value because it provides food immediately after disasters have hit. Furthermore, it provides an additional income source for many rural households in disaster prone areas.

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Drought, excessive rains and floods, hurricanes and high winds

The successfully tested good practice options will be included into the:

last updated:  Wednesday, February 15, 2012