Natural Resources Management in Ecuador
Implementation: April 2008 - January 2012
The purpose of the Program for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve Program (Yasuni), is to support the conservation and sustainable management of natural and cultural heritage of the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve (YBR), helping in the achievement of MDG 7 (Environmental Sustainability), while advancing in the achievement of MDG 1(End Poverty and Hunger), promoting community management of biodiversity and natural resources by vulnerable populations, by contributing to the protection of fundamental rights of Isolated Indigenous Peoples (IIP) that inhabit the biosphere.
The conservation and sustainable management of the natural and cultural heritage of the Yasuní biosphere are part of the national priorities of the Government of Ecuador that can be identified in the National Plan of Good Living (NPGL), in particular, in Objective 1 (sponsor equity, cohesion and social integration, as well as territorial diversity) and Objective 4 (guarantee the rights of nature and promote a healthy and sustainable environment). The program is implemented by various agencies, including FAO, UNIFEM, UNDP, UNESCO, UN-HABITAT and UNWTO, each with contributions in their area of expertise to the conservation of the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve and in partnership with the Ministry of Environment of Ecuador (MAE).
In line with these priorities, the resources obtained from the Fund for the Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG Fund) are concentrated in the support of:
1. The implementation of national and local policies for the conservation and management of the Yasuní biosphere, such as those related to integrated land management of the reserve strengthening capacities to control the negative impacts of the economic activities at large scale, policy and strategies for the protection of peoples in voluntary isolation, and the country's initiative to keep oil in the ground.
2. The management of the Yasuni biosphere with an approach of conservation and sustainable management of natural and cultural heritage and environmental quality improvement, including support in developing environmentally sustainable productive community activities in the buffer zone of the reserve, strengthening local capacities to manage the reserve-by both, regional and community level authorities-and the development of financial sustainability mechanisms for the conservation and management of the Yasuni biosphere, with particular emphasis on the Yasuni National Park (YNP).