Project Area

The Yasuni Biosphere Reserve

Some of the challenges of conservation and sustainable development are of exceptional magnitude in the case of ecosystems such as the Biosphere Reserve of Yasuni. The uniqueness and fragility of these ecosystems, their vulnerability to the impacts of large-scale economic activities, its rich natural and cultural heritage, the complexity of integrated management of its territory that will address the challenges of ensuring environmentally livelihoods sustainable communities that inhabit the RBY and address the environmental quality of its population centers, are some of the factors that require special treatment by the country as a whole.

Inside the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve (YBR), the Yasuní National Park is considered one of the most biodiverse on the planet. Found in the Amazon of Ecuador and is estimated to contain 4,000 species of plants, 173 mammals and 610 bird species. It is one of the few places characterized as Pleistocene refuges that preserved tolerable weather and became centers of plant diversity and immigration centers of animal keeping within the natural wealth of millions of years, the harsh climate that is not possible to maintain the rest of the world. On a single hectare of Yasuní National Park there are almost as many species of trees and shrubs and native trees throughout North America (estimated at 680 species).

In the basement of the National Park Yasuni oil reserves are approximately 930 million barrels, equivalent to over 20% of total oil reserves held by the Ecuador (4,200 million barrels). This natural wealth is compounded by the existence of people who have chosen to live in voluntary isolation and Taromenani-Tagaeri, who in his capacity of indigenous peoples are part of tangible and intangible cultural heritage of mankind as well as various nationalities mainly Waorani, Kychwas and Achuars and mestizo groups. Reserve population reached about 290 thousand people, whose income in most cases correspond to populations that are in poverty and extreme poverty.

The YBR is a highly vulnerable to economic pressures it faces, among which are: oil extraction without proper safeguards and environmental parameters, illegal logging, wildlife trade, colonization, uncontrolled tourism and agriculture (oil palm, mainly) and extensive cattle, among others. To date, despite almost two decades since its declaration as a Biosphere Reserve, the YBR does not have an established definition and zoning, not a management system that is running regularly, even though one of its objectives main, is to be a model that addresses land under the precepts of sustainable development.

In the buffer zone of the Waorani indigenous RBY and Kychwas faced difficulties in exercising their traditional economic activities and have been forced to opt for livelihood in some cases put pressure on natural resources. Most settlements in the RBY face problems of environmental degradation associated with poor provision of potable water, sewerage and solid waste disposal. In this regard, local governments in these centers face the challenges of implementing a set of environmental management responsibilities.

Participating Communities

The project is working with a total of 28 communities, 17 directly: 7 of which are located in the Napo River Rivera and 10 on the tracks. Most communities in the Canton Aguarico Rivera belong to and are shaped mainly by indigenous Quechua population. On tracks Auca, Pindo and Taracoa has intervened directly in ten communities, located in Canton Orellana. Most of the population of these communities is mestizo and colonist. It also shows the presence of indigenous Kichwa from the mountains. During 2010 and 2011 has worked with eleven communities through agreements with other entities such as the MIES through the Food Security Network, Amazon Health Foundation and the Environmental Committee Cantonal Francisco de Orellana.

The approximate total of direct participants in these groups is 450 persons, of whom 189 were men and 271 women. Each participant is male or female is representing a family in the community they belong to the groups. Their involvement has given according to the interest in each of the components that characterize the technological proposal of FAO. In the communities of New Providence, Rio Tiputini Central Pindus and the city of Coca, it has only 4 groups formed by women. Only in Ecuador Border community there is a group made up only of men, who make up the Border Association of Ecuador, the participation of women in this group is through the management of farmland birds within the family.

last updated:  Saturday, July 7, 2012