Climate Risk Management in Nepal
PRIORITY FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION 2011-2020
This framework addresses the impacts of climate change and extreme climate events in various sub sectors of agriculture in Nepal, explicitly integrating the priorities identified in NAPA and the National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management. The document considers integration of climate change adaptation and disaster preparedness into Nepal’s agricultural policy, programs and plans, analyzes lessons learnt in the field and suggests strategic activities to support farming communities in climate change and disaster risks management and to improve institutional collaboration and coordination among relevant stakeholders. Overall, it is recommended to shift the approach from reactive emergency response to pro-active climate risk management and disaster preparedness approach.
DISTRICT DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT PLANS
The District Disaster Relief Committee (DDRC) springs into relief action only after a particular disaster hits an area. This sort of disaster management has not been used as an –ex ante consideration of disaster preparedness through development planning, administration and management. In an effort to shift towards proactive planning for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), the District Disaster Risk Management Plans (DDRMP) have been formulated for the Arghakhanchi, Siraha, Kapilvastu and Udaypur districts. The preparation of the DDRMPs were commissioned by FAO and developed through a multi-stakeholder participatory planning process to inform the local governance, communities, DDRCs and other stakeholders about disaster preparedness and risk reduction measures.
Part I presents the methodology and the layout of the plan and its applications; part II introduces background information on institutional response to disasters and builds linkages between the national strategy and the district context. Finally, part III introduces the features of each district followed by analyses of prioritized hazards and impact and vulnerability assessments.
These documents are intended to facilitate the government line agencies and other stakeholders, including those organizations which intend to work in a particular development sector in the district. It can be equally useful to the planners at local, regional and national level. If reviewed and updated periodically, this document can work as a cornerstone for reducing duplication, increasing efficiency and will ultimately play an important role in empowering the communities at large.