Disaster Preparedness in Juye County (China)
Recommendations for follow-up
Project findings strongly confirm that proactive disaster risk management contributes to poverty alleviation and agricultural development. An integrated approach to disaster risk management needs to be actively promoted by policy makers and field practitioners at all levels and further up-scaled and mainstreamed at all levels. Political will and financial support is crucial. Enhanced action for integrated Disaster risk management is particularly important in the context that the observed increase in frequency of natural hazards are considered first signs of climate change; and that the exposure to losses from natural hazard impacts is likely to worsen in the future, if no effective interventions are set in place. The DRM models tested by the project should be further applied and up scaled in other prefectures of the Shandong province and in other Chinese provinces, and used to prepare project proposals for international cooperation in fighting climate change.
There are three levels, where project findings could be implemented:
Disaster Risk Managment in the County of Juye
A draft DRM framework was developed for Juye with the participation of all relevant governmental line agencies at county level and involvement of township officials and village representatives. Before further practical replication it, however, will need further consolidation and buy-in by local and county level stakeholders. For the daily coordination of DRM implementation, each line agency should have a liaison officer; The technical tools tested by the project should be adopted by the relevant line agencies. All management and technical staff involved in DRM implementation should get further training; A monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system and DRM implementation supervision mechanism should be developed and systematically operated to ensure that the DRM approach will be effectively implemented at all levels. A set of indicators, methods and tools for M&E and implementation supervision still needs to be developed.
Up-Scaling and Replication in the Shandong Province
All the new concepts tested in this project can be scaled up and replicated in other areas of the Shandong Provinces, talking into account the differing local ecological and social economic conditions. The main concepts are the shift from disaster response and relief to resilience capacity building, migration and preparedness; community participation in DRM; gender mainstreaming in DRM; and integrated land use planning and water resource management. The new concept and management methods should be added into the existing County and Provincial Public Emergency Contingencies as annex or amendments documents.
Replication in other provinces of China
The developed systematic DRM framework and tested concept and procedure guidelines could be replicated in all provinces of China; The technical guidelines and countermeasures for flood disaster management could be replicated in the Hui River catchment area in the provinces of central China, such as Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hubei. However, the local social economic conditions, micro-climatic conditions and geographical conditions of each specific area should be taken into account.
Finally, the technical concept and methodological guidelines as described above could be incorporated into the national disaster management policies. These could be also incorporated into the relevant national laws and regulations.