Disaster Preparedness in Juye County (China)
Achieved project outputs
1. A Cross Sectoral Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Plan for Juye County was prepared for project follow up and possible replication in other Counties of Shandong Province. Building on the results and findings from the baseline survey, and the assessment of the current disaster management mechanisms and early warning system, the plan was formulated through a consultative process with the participation of all relevant governmental line agencies and multi-level stakeholders including township officials, village leaders and FC leaders.The proposed DRM Plan puts equal importance to aspects of risk prevention disaster preparedness and impact mitigation as it does on emergency response planning and capacities. Multi-stakeholder involvement with high importance given to communities and farmers cooperatives and gender mainstreaming are key features of the new DRM plans.
2. Farmer's cooperatives (FC) were capacitated as local partners in Disaster Risk Management and livelihood improvement. The project assisted 4 local cooperatives to get formally registered under the new Cooperatives Law of 2008. These cooperatives were trained beyond the normal range of cooperative management and economic activities to also gain capabilities for addressing risk reduction issues at local level in a pro-active way. The capacitated FCs in the pilot villages took a key role in the implementation of good practice demonstrations for DRM, and started to take up important economic functions in and beyond their villages in purchasing production means, marketing the products and identifying new income generation activities. The Nancao Village FC, for instance, started to cooperate with outside investors for integrated livestock production and fodder development by using the land which is vulnerable against droughts and floods.
3. Early Warning System and information dissemination mechanism further strengthened and incorporated into DRM plan. The existing EWS was improved by designing a more effective information delivering system with focus on agriculture and local levels. The strengthened EWS, provides climate and market related information to different stakeholders, and thus contributes to improved local preparedness. In order to maintain the enhanced EWS operational both county government and relevant line agencies need to further strengthen their coordination. Information collection, gathering and dissemination need to be formally designated to relevant line agencies and monitored and supervised.
4. Drainage and irrigation infrastructures in pilot villages of Juye County were improved to reduce risk and economic losses from flood impacts. The project supported two activities, namely (i) building the drainage culvert in Liuxi Village in May 2008; (ii) Cleaning the village drainage canals. The newly constructed drainage culvert benefits about 5000 villagers in six villages around Liuxi Village draining water from about 6000 mu. The drainage canal cleaning benefited 4200 people in three pilot villages. According to the estimation of the village leaders, the improvement of drainage and irrigation infrastructures could avoid about 10-12% yield loss in the future. The value added of the culvert was already experienced in 2008 and 2009. No flooding occurred despite heavy summer rains.
5. Newly released wheat and cotton varieties/cultivation techniques were introduced to enhance drought, water logging and pest tolerance of key crops. This project subcomponent was implemented with the technical support from the Shandong Academy for Agricultural Science (SAAS). 305 farm households participated in the good practice demonstrations to introduce two wheat and three cotton varieties which were new to Juye. About 30 highly vulnerable farmers were supported through the construction of small greenhouses for vegetable production on higher elevation lands. The experiments with the new wheat and cotton varieties led to significantly higher yields per mu - as compared to the long term average yields of the previously planted varieties. The results were particularly encouraging since the wheat demonstrations were conducted during the drought prone spring period 2009, and the cotton demonstrations during summer 2009, which faced above average rainfall and thus water logging problems. Further replications and testing will be conducted.
|6. Formulated fertilization for soil improvement. The project assisted Juye County in equipping a soil analysis laboratory at the county agricultural bureau. Thereafter a series of interrelated soil improvement activities were conducted initiated by land leveling, and deep ploughing to improve saline soil structures, and thereafter by elaborating after soil testing the application of plot specific formulated fertilization to recover the soils particularly in the water-logged areas. Six types of fertilizers with different ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium were produced by a local fertilizer manufacture factory. Farmers were trained on the tailor made applications. It is expected that the tailor made fertilization will lead to increased soil fertility in degraded soils, and recreate suitable soil environment for increased crop productivity|
7. Gender Mainstreaming in DRM. Women's participation and empowerment in disaster risk management was an important component of DRM. The project supported the empowerment of women in DRM through (i) Assessment of disaster impacts on men and women; (ii) Mainstreaming women's participation in early warning; (iii) Providing training for women , including in disaster planning, preparedness, response and recovery. Recommendations for mainstreaming women's role in the whole process of DRM were made, and indicators for monitoring women's participation in the whole DRM cycle established.