Disaster Preparedness in Juye County (China)
Good practice options
Description of Good Practice
Enhanced resilience of water drainage and irrigation system for Disaster Risk Management.
The objective was to increase the community's resilience to floods, water logging and droughts by improving the community water drainage and irrigation infrastructures, as well as cleaning the canals. This improvement at the community level will reduce the economic losses of crop production, therefore contributing to sustainable livelihoods of farmers who engage in agriculture.
Promotion of Farmers’ Cooperative (FC) Development for Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM).
The concepts of CBDRM were introduced to FCs; their specific roles in a district wide DRM system were defined and tested, leading to the formulation and implementation thereafter of community action plans for DRM. The FCs proved successful in organizing villagers to participate in the construction, repairing and cleaning of drainage canals, implementing improved disaster-related land use patterns, and in contributing to the district level disaster risk management planning process; the FCs also supported the field testing and learning about new, more hazard resilient cultivation systems (wheat and cotton); awareness was raised among villagers about the importance of self driven and continued DRM activities throughout the year.
Soils Rehabilitation in areas exposed to recurrent floods and water-logging.
The good practice strategy for soil rehabilitation consists of a series of interrelated measures including: drainage improvements; land levelling; deep ploughing; and most importantly, based on detailed soil testing, the application of formulated fertilization which is key to the rehabilitation of local soil conditions. Soil testing focused on nutrition values and salinity. Suitable fertilizer compositions were developed in response to the specific soil conditions and predominant local cropping patterns. Local fertilizer production enterprises were hired to produce the formulated fertilization with the dual objectives of rehabilitating the soils while providing sound fertilization for the main crops used the region, mainly wheat, cotton and maize.
Improve drought and water-logging resistance of cotton cultivations.
The losses caused by seasonal floods in the agricultural sector in the county of Juye have increased during the last decade. Juye, while having an average of 655 mm of annual rainfall only, is exposed to high annual and seasonal rainfall variability. It is very important to increase agricultural resilience to natural disasters and floods. This practice introduces new, more water-logging resistant cotton varieties and includes a new transplanting technique. In contrast to traditional transplanting, this technique is not only labour-saving, but significantly improves root development, rendering cotton plants more resistant to water-logging and drought.
Improve the drought resistance of wheat cultivations in the Shandong Province, China.
During the past few decades, the unpredictability of a changing climate has exposed the county of Juye to serious drought, almost every year for the past few years, especially in the winter and spring. It is very important to increase the agricultural resilience to drought by introducing practical and advanced agricultural technologies. These new technologies consist of new, more drought resistant, wheat cultivars to promote water-saving agricultural production technology, and the introduction of soil improvement practices with the application and extension of 3-D cultivation technologies.