About the publication
The examples provided in this website are based on the case studies included in the recently published paper entitled "Climate-Smart" Agriculture: Policies, Practices and Financing for Food Security, Adaptation and Mitigation.
The paper was prepared for the Global Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change, to be held in The Hague, Netherlands from 31 October to 5 November, 2010.
The paper examines some of the key technical, institutional, policy and financial responses required to achieve the transformation to "climate-smart" agriculture. Building on case studies from the field, the paper outlines a range of practices, approaches and tools aimed at increasing the resilience and productivity of agricultural production systems, while also reducing and removing emissions. The second part of the paper surveys institutional and policy options available to promote the transition to climate-smart agriculture at the smallholder level.
Current financing gaps are also considered in the paper as well as innovative financing options regarding the combined use of different sources, financing mechanisms and delivery systems.
- Agriculture in developing countries must undergo a significant transformation in order to meet the related challenges of food security and climate change.
- Effective climate-smart practices already exist and could be implemented in developing country agricultural systems.
- Adopting an ecosystem approach, working at landscape scale and ensuring intersectoral coordination and cooperation is crucial for effective climate change responses.
- Considerable investment is required in filling data and knowledge gaps and in research and development of technologies, methodologies, as well as the conservation and production of suitable varieties and breeds.
- Institutional and financial support will be required to enable smallholders to make the transition to climate-smart agriculture.
- Strengthened institutional capacity will be needed to improve dissemination of climate-smart information and coordinate over large areas and numbers of farmers.
- Greater consistency between agriculture, food security and climate change policy-making must be achieved at national, regional and international levels.
- Available financing, current and projected, are substantially insufficient to meet climate change and food security challenges faced by the agriculture sector.
- Synergistically combining financing from public and private sources, as well as those earmarked for climate change and food security are innovative options to meet the investment requirements of the agricultural sector.
- To be effective in channelling fast-track financing to agriculture, financing mechanisms will need to take sector-specific considerations into account.