Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change

The Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change (EPIC) programme supports countries in evidence-based policy making through sound economic and policy analysis to reform policies, institutions and investments on climate change, in connection with agricultural development and food security.  

The programme aims to strengthen sustainable agricultural systems through better policies and sound analysis of the costs, tradeoffs, adoption barriers and benefits, as well as the impacts of climate change on agriculture.


The Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT) is an appraisal system developed by FAO providing ex-ante estimates of the impact of agriculture and forestry development projects, programmes and policies on the carbon-balance.

Latest news

News - 07.01.2019

FAO, with the support of the Flander’s Cooperation, assists the governments of Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to develop integrated approaches to enhance climate change adaptation and resilience in smallholder agricultural systems. A core element of this work is to help governments identify evidenced-based policy options that can help smallholders to [...]

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Journal articles

Diversification is in the Detail: Accounting for Crop System Heterogeneity to Inform Diversification Policies in Malawi and Zambia

Crop diversification is a common agricultural policy objective. However, the determinants and impacts of crop diversification are heterogeneous and depend on a range of crop-specific characteristics. Index-based measurements of crop diversification, common in the agriculture economics literature, are unable to [...]

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