Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change

The Economic and Policy Analysis of Climate Change (EPIC) programme supports countries in evidence-based policy making through sound economic and policy analysis to reform policies, institutions and investments on climate change, in connection with agricultural development and food security.  

The programme aims to strengthen sustainable agricultural systems through better policies and sound analysis of the costs, tradeoffs, adoption barriers and benefits, as well as the impacts of climate change on agriculture.


The Ex-Ante Carbon-balance Tool (EX-ACT) is an appraisal system developed by FAO providing ex-ante estimates of the impact of agriculture and forestry development projects, programmes and policies on the carbon-balance.

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News - 07.01.2019

FAO, with the support of the Flander’s Cooperation, assists the governments of Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to develop integrated approaches to enhance climate change adaptation and resilience in smallholder agricultural systems. A core element of this work is to help governments identify evidenced-based policy options that can help smallholders to [...]

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Technical papers

EX-ANTE Carbon-balance Tool | EX-ACT

Mainstreaming greenhouse gas accounting intoagricultural investments and policiesThe 2030 Agenda and Paris Agreement tied the knot between sustainable economic developmentand a climate-resilient, low greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions future. Moving forward, accountingfor potential changes in GHG emissions will be a vital [...]

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